Preserved baby mammoth remains in Lucerne,Switzerland
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Wooly Mammoth

A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived during the Pleistocene epoch from 1.6 million years ago to around 10,000 years ago. more...

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The word mammoth comes from the Russian мамонт ("mamont").

Evolutionary history

Mammoth remains have been found in Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America. They are believed to have originally evolved in North Africa about 4.8 million years ago, where bones of Mammuthus africanavus have been found in Chad, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Despite their African ancestry, they are in fact more closely related to the modern Indian elephant than the African elephant. The common ancestor of both mammoths and Asian elephants split from the line of African elephants about 6 - 7.3 million years ago. The Asian elephants and mammoths diverged about half a million years later (5.5 - 6.3 million years ago).

In due course the African mammoth migrated north to Europe and gave rise to a new species, the southern mammoth (Mammuthus meridionalis). This eventually spread across Europe and Asia and acrossed the now-submerged Bering Land Bridge into North America.

Around 700,000 years ago, the warm climate of the time deteriorated markedly and the savannah plains of Europe, Asia and North America gave way to colder and less fertile steppes. The southern mammoth consequently declined, being replaced across most of its territory by the cold-adapted steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii). This in turn gave rise to the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primogenius) around 300,000 years ago. Woolly mammoth was better able to cope with the extreme cold of the Ice Ages.

The woollies were a spectacularly successful species; they ranged from Spain to North America and are thought to have existed in huge numbers. The Russian researcher Sergei Zimov estimates that during the last Ice Age, parts of Siberia may have had an average population density of sixty animals per hundred square kilometres - equivalent to African elephants today.

Extinction

Most mammoths died out at the end of the last Ice Age. However, the dwarf mammoths of Wrangel Island became extinct only around 1700 to 1500 BCE. Whether the general mammoth population died out for climatic reasons or due to overhunting by humans is controversial. A third theory suggests that mammoths may have fallen victim to an infectious disease. A definitive explanation has yet to be agreed upon, and it is very possible that a combination of factors was responsible rather than any of the single cause. The survival of the dwarf mammoths on Russia's Wrangle Island was due to the fact that the island was very remote, and uninhabited in the early post-Pleistocene period. The actual island was not discovered by modern civilization until the 1820s by American whalers. A similar dwarfing occured with Mammoths on the outer Channel Islands of California, but at an earlier period. Those animals were very likely killed by early paleo-indians.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Woolly Mammoth Real Fur Hair Wooly Permafrost Bone Russian Wool Mastodon ExtinctWoolly Mammoth Real Fur Hair Wooly Permafrost Bone Russian Wool Mastodon Extinct $14.95 1g. Fossil genuine Wooly Mammoth hair from Siberia Yakutia Russia. Ice-Age1g. Fossil genuine Wooly Mammoth hair from Siberia Yakutia Russia. Ice-Age $40.00
$24.00 Large Woolly Mammoth Tooth Teeth 4.5 pounds Roots Bone check the picturesLarge Woolly Mammoth Tooth Teeth 4.5 pounds Roots Bone check the pictures $99.77
2 Woolly Mammoth Teeth On Jaw Fossil Tooth Transition 15.2Lb!2 Woolly Mammoth Teeth On Jaw Fossil Tooth Transition 15.2Lb! $1,300.54 Dinosaur prehistoric mammal 2000 Wooly Mammoth FigureDinosaur prehistoric mammal 2000 Wooly Mammoth Figure $9.50
New ListingExceptional Big Woolly Mammoth Toe Bone with Bone Pathology - PleistoceneNew ListingExceptional Big Woolly Mammoth Toe Bone with Bone Pathology - Pleistocene $200.00 Wholesale bag! Woolly Mammoth Hair Siberia Permafrost Unbeatable Deal MammuthusWholesale bag! Woolly Mammoth Hair Siberia Permafrost Unbeatable Deal Mammuthus $42.00
Huge Woolly Mammoth Tooth 7 Pounds with Roots And Jaw BoneHuge Woolly Mammoth Tooth 7 Pounds with Roots And Jaw Bone $500.00 Woolly Mammoth HairWoolly Mammoth Hair $14.95
New Listing Impressive perfect tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Pleistocene Fossil 1.1KgNew Listing Impressive perfect tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Pleistocene Fossil 1.1Kg $268.00 New Listing Impressive tooth with gum of a Woolly Mammoth Pleistocene FossilNew Listing Impressive tooth with gum of a Woolly Mammoth Pleistocene Fossil $358.00
(Wm-120) Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaskan Woolly Mammoth part jaw + Tooth(Wm-120) Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaskan Woolly Mammoth part jaw + Tooth $2,699.00 Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Molar (13.9 cm) - North SeaWoolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Molar (13.9 cm) - North Sea $255.67
New ListingGreat Woolly Mammoth Scapula Hinge Point (Glenoid) -10,000 -1.8 millionNew ListingGreat Woolly Mammoth Scapula Hinge Point (Glenoid) -10,000 -1.8 million $110.00 Authentic Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil Pre-Historic (Fragment)Authentic Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil Pre-Historic (Fragment) $50.00
Sale! Woolly Mammoth Fur(Hair)from Yakutia Permafrost Russia Ice AgeSale! Woolly Mammoth Fur(Hair)from Yakutia Permafrost Russia Ice Age $12.50 Fossilized Woolly Mammoth BoneFossilized Woolly Mammoth Bone $25.00
Lot of 2 Woolly Mammoth Rib Fossil Bone Ice Age Pleistocene Wooly Tooth ExtinctLot of 2 Woolly Mammoth Rib Fossil Bone Ice Age Pleistocene Wooly Tooth Extinct $99.00 Pocket Museum - Genuine Wooly Mammoth Hair 10,000 - 50,000 Years old CollectionPocket Museum - Genuine Wooly Mammoth Hair 10,000 - 50,000 Years old Collection $39.50
RaRe Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil Pleistocene, Ice AgeRaRe Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil Pleistocene, Ice Age $385.00 Large Fossilized Woolly Mammoth Leg Bone Fragment Oklahoma Usa Ice AgeLarge Fossilized Woolly Mammoth Leg Bone Fragment Oklahoma Usa Ice Age $149.95
Mammoth Tusk Fragment Woolly MammothMammoth Tusk Fragment Woolly Mammoth $14.93 Rare true stable fossil woolly mammoth. Baby mammoth, small tooth.Rare true stable fossil woolly mammoth. Baby mammoth, small tooth. $50.00
Fossil Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Pleistocene, Ice AgeFossil Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Pleistocene, Ice Age $350.00 21" Woolly mammoth Fibula Fossil leg fossil 2lb21" Woolly mammoth Fibula Fossil leg fossil 2lb $252.23
Rare extinct Genuine fossil woolly mammoth ToothRare extinct Genuine fossil woolly mammoth Tooth $399.99 Authentic fossil Extinct Woolly Mammoth Full Tooth/Molar With Roots-Ice AgeAuthentic fossil Extinct Woolly Mammoth Full Tooth/Molar With Roots-Ice Age $800.00
Fossil paw of a woolly mammoth. Calcaneus. Pleiscocene. Rarely.Fossil paw of a woolly mammoth. Calcaneus. Pleiscocene. Rarely. $100.00 Fossil Beautiful Tooth Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality !Pleistocene, Ice Age6Fossil Beautiful Tooth Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality !Pleistocene, Ice Age6 $56.00
Woolly Rhinoceros fossil jaw. Huge Coelodonta 4 tooth. Mammoth eraWoolly Rhinoceros fossil jaw. Huge Coelodonta 4 tooth. Mammoth era $610.86 New ListingPartial Woolly Mammoth Ulna - Pleistocene 10,000 - 1.8 million YearsNew ListingPartial Woolly Mammoth Ulna - Pleistocene 10,000 - 1.8 million Years $25.00
New ListingBeautiful Woolly Mammoth Complete First Rib with Display Stand - PleistoceneNew ListingBeautiful Woolly Mammoth Complete First Rib with Display Stand - Pleistocene $190.00 Natural fossilized woolly mammoth with partial teeth. Key ring.Natural fossilized woolly mammoth with partial teeth. Key ring. $10.00
Wooly Mammoth Jaw With ToothWooly Mammoth Jaw With Tooth $200.50 49) Woolly Mammoth Tooth Polished Slice Fossil - Ideal For Jewelry Making49) Woolly Mammoth Tooth Polished Slice Fossil - Ideal For Jewelry Making $33.10
Fossil Lower Jaw Woolly Mammoth museum quality! Unique Pleistocene Ice AgeFossil Lower Jaw Woolly Mammoth museum quality! Unique Pleistocene Ice Age $1,500.00 Fossil Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Jaw (42 cm) - North SeaFossil Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Jaw (42 cm) - North Sea $1,589.30
Genuine Skin of the Woolly Mammoth from Yakutia Permafrost Russia for saleGenuine Skin of the Woolly Mammoth from Yakutia Permafrost Russia for sale $2,975.00 3Pc Fossils Beautiful Tooth Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality !Pleistocene, Ice Age3Pc Fossils Beautiful Tooth Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality !Pleistocene, Ice Age $157.50
M77 Fossil rib woolly mammoth. Museum quality. Siberia. Pleistocene. Ice AgeM77 Fossil rib woolly mammoth. Museum quality. Siberia. Pleistocene. Ice Age $300.00
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Prices current as of last update, 03/07/21 4:01pm.

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