Preserved baby mammoth remains in Lucerne,Switzerland
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Wooly Mammoth

A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived during the Pleistocene epoch from 1.6 million years ago to around 10,000 years ago. more...

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The word mammoth comes from the Russian мамонт ("mamont").

Evolutionary history

Mammoth remains have been found in Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America. They are believed to have originally evolved in North Africa about 4.8 million years ago, where bones of Mammuthus africanavus have been found in Chad, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Despite their African ancestry, they are in fact more closely related to the modern Indian elephant than the African elephant. The common ancestor of both mammoths and Asian elephants split from the line of African elephants about 6 - 7.3 million years ago. The Asian elephants and mammoths diverged about half a million years later (5.5 - 6.3 million years ago).

In due course the African mammoth migrated north to Europe and gave rise to a new species, the southern mammoth (Mammuthus meridionalis). This eventually spread across Europe and Asia and acrossed the now-submerged Bering Land Bridge into North America.

Around 700,000 years ago, the warm climate of the time deteriorated markedly and the savannah plains of Europe, Asia and North America gave way to colder and less fertile steppes. The southern mammoth consequently declined, being replaced across most of its territory by the cold-adapted steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii). This in turn gave rise to the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primogenius) around 300,000 years ago. Woolly mammoth was better able to cope with the extreme cold of the Ice Ages.

The woollies were a spectacularly successful species; they ranged from Spain to North America and are thought to have existed in huge numbers. The Russian researcher Sergei Zimov estimates that during the last Ice Age, parts of Siberia may have had an average population density of sixty animals per hundred square kilometres - equivalent to African elephants today.

Extinction

Most mammoths died out at the end of the last Ice Age. However, the dwarf mammoths of Wrangel Island became extinct only around 1700 to 1500 BCE. Whether the general mammoth population died out for climatic reasons or due to overhunting by humans is controversial. A third theory suggests that mammoths may have fallen victim to an infectious disease. A definitive explanation has yet to be agreed upon, and it is very possible that a combination of factors was responsible rather than any of the single cause. The survival of the dwarf mammoths on Russia's Wrangle Island was due to the fact that the island was very remote, and uninhabited in the early post-Pleistocene period. The actual island was not discovered by modern civilization until the 1820s by American whalers. A similar dwarfing occured with Mammoths on the outer Channel Islands of California, but at an earlier period. Those animals were very likely killed by early paleo-indians.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Woolly Mammoth Genuine Hair w/ Coa Pleistocene for Fossil Collectors #188 5oWoolly Mammoth Genuine Hair w/ Coa Pleistocene for Fossil Collectors #188 5o $14.99 Super Big Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil PleistoceneSuper Big Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil Pleistocene $715.00
Partial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth ToothPartial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth $213.20 Was:  Previous Price $260.00 Complete Baby Fossil Woolly Mammoth Tooth With Root Pleistocene Museum QualityComplete Baby Fossil Woolly Mammoth Tooth With Root Pleistocene Museum Quality $399.99
(v800) 1-3/8" Rare Extinct Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth pendant necklace(v800) 1-3/8" Rare Extinct Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth pendant necklace $154.99 Southern Mammoth Hungarian fossil tooth beats Woolly Mammoth, 13.4 lbs Huge!Southern Mammoth Hungarian fossil tooth beats Woolly Mammoth, 13.4 lbs Huge! $349.00
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Impressive Tooth Baby of a Woolly Mammoth Fossil Pleistocene Museum QualityImpressive Tooth Baby of a Woolly Mammoth Fossil Pleistocene Museum Quality $699.00 Pre History Wooly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 8x10x3" Weighs 3.75 KilosPre History Wooly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 8x10x3" Weighs 3.75 Kilos $1,188.17
Partial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth w/ Lots of RootsPartial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth w/ Lots of Roots $237.80 Was:  Previous Price $290.00 Russian Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Fossil ToothRussian Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Fossil Tooth $620.00
Partial Woolly Mammoth Tooth From Black Sea RussiaPartial Woolly Mammoth Tooth From Black Sea Russia $213.20 Was:  Previous Price $260.00 New listing
		Fossil the Bone of a Woolly Mammoth! Fossil PleistoceneNew listing Fossil the Bone of a Woolly Mammoth! Fossil Pleistocene $0.99
Woolly Mammoth Molar Slice Siberia before 1900 Fossil Tooth #20Woolly Mammoth Molar Slice Siberia before 1900 Fossil Tooth #20 $27.95 Small Partial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth w/ RootSmall Partial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth w/ Root $118.90 Was:  Previous Price $145.00
Woolly Mammoth Tooth From Siberia Museum Quality Before 1900 less than 1% 5+lbsWoolly Mammoth Tooth From Siberia Museum Quality Before 1900 less than 1% 5+lbs $475.00 Woolly Mammoth IncisorWoolly Mammoth Incisor $95.00
7552x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side Genuine Fossil Xlrg 126mm 5.0"7552x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side Genuine Fossil Xlrg 126mm 5.0" $284.99 Was:  Previous Price $299.99 Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Siberian Extinct Genuine Fossil 120mm x 65Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Siberian Extinct Genuine Fossil 120mm x 65 $50.00
Large Partial Woolly Mammoth Tooth From TexasLarge Partial Woolly Mammoth Tooth From Texas $225.50 Was:  Previous Price $275.00 Wm338-4) 5-1/8" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth sliceWm338-4) 5-1/8" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth slice $105.99
William Henry Knife - Wooly Mammoth - B12-Nebula (16 Of 50)William Henry Knife - Wooly Mammoth - B12-Nebula (16 Of 50) $1,649.00 Wooly Mammoth Large Tooth And Vertebrae.Nice Specimens, Nice Display FossilsWooly Mammoth Large Tooth And Vertebrae.Nice Specimens, Nice Display Fossils $300.00
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		Fossil Woolly Mammoth VertebraeNew listing Fossil Woolly Mammoth Vertebrae $80.00 Woolly Mammoth Tooth Yukutia Russia Rooted Fossils Mammal Jaw BoneWoolly Mammoth Tooth Yukutia Russia Rooted Fossils Mammal Jaw Bone $155.00
Wm338-100) 3-7/8" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth juvWm338-100) 3-7/8" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth juv $264.99 Woolly Mammoth Tooth From Siberia Intersting roots Before 1900 less than 1% M103Woolly Mammoth Tooth From Siberia Intersting roots Before 1900 less than 1% M103 $115.00
Woolly Mammoth Tooth Cross Section Pleistoc
00004000
Ene Epoch Hawthorne Form Display BoxWoolly Mammoth Tooth Cross Section Pleistoc 00004000 Ene Epoch Hawthorne Form Display Box $29.99 Partial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth MolarPartial Alaskan Woolly Mammoth Tooth Molar $159.90 Was:  Previous Price $195.00
A Natural Super Well Defined Cut and Polished Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 155grA Natural Super Well Defined Cut and Polished Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 155gr $59.99 Central Plains Excavated Woolly Mammoth Fossil Tooth MolarCentral Plains Excavated Woolly Mammoth Fossil Tooth Molar $84.00
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Prices current as of last update, 02/21/18 11:20pm.

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