Preserved baby mammoth remains in Lucerne,Switzerland
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Wooly Mammoth

A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived during the Pleistocene epoch from 1.6 million years ago to around 10,000 years ago. more...

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The word mammoth comes from the Russian мамонт ("mamont").

Evolutionary history

Mammoth remains have been found in Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America. They are believed to have originally evolved in North Africa about 4.8 million years ago, where bones of Mammuthus africanavus have been found in Chad, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Despite their African ancestry, they are in fact more closely related to the modern Indian elephant than the African elephant. The common ancestor of both mammoths and Asian elephants split from the line of African elephants about 6 - 7.3 million years ago. The Asian elephants and mammoths diverged about half a million years later (5.5 - 6.3 million years ago).

In due course the African mammoth migrated north to Europe and gave rise to a new species, the southern mammoth (Mammuthus meridionalis). This eventually spread across Europe and Asia and acrossed the now-submerged Bering Land Bridge into North America.

Around 700,000 years ago, the warm climate of the time deteriorated markedly and the savannah plains of Europe, Asia and North America gave way to colder and less fertile steppes. The southern mammoth consequently declined, being replaced across most of its territory by the cold-adapted steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii). This in turn gave rise to the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primogenius) around 300,000 years ago. Woolly mammoth was better able to cope with the extreme cold of the Ice Ages.

The woollies were a spectacularly successful species; they ranged from Spain to North America and are thought to have existed in huge numbers. The Russian researcher Sergei Zimov estimates that during the last Ice Age, parts of Siberia may have had an average population density of sixty animals per hundred square kilometres - equivalent to African elephants today.

Extinction

Most mammoths died out at the end of the last Ice Age. However, the dwarf mammoths of Wrangel Island became extinct only around 1700 to 1500 BCE. Whether the general mammoth population died out for climatic reasons or due to overhunting by humans is controversial. A third theory suggests that mammoths may have fallen victim to an infectious disease. A definitive explanation has yet to be agreed upon, and it is very possible that a combination of factors was responsible rather than any of the single cause. The survival of the dwarf mammoths on Russia's Wrangle Island was due to the fact that the island was very remote, and uninhabited in the early post-Pleistocene period. The actual island was not discovered by modern civilization until the 1820s by American whalers. A similar dwarfing occured with Mammoths on the outer Channel Islands of California, but at an earlier period. Those animals were very likely killed by early paleo-indians.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Super Great Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil PleistoceneSuper Great Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil Pleistocene $615.00 Dakin prehistoric Wooly Mammoth Plush Vintage Nutshell Stuffed Toy 9" Long 1980Dakin prehistoric Wooly Mammoth Plush Vintage Nutshell Stuffed Toy 9" Long 1980 $11.99 Was: Previous Price $14.99
pleistocene fossil bark tip white boar tusk woolly tips with mammoth hairpleistocene fossil bark tip white boar tusk woolly tips with mammoth hair $699.99 15.6Mm bead with 2mm hole Woolly Tooth Malor pendant necklace with mammoth hair15.6Mm bead with 2mm hole Woolly Tooth Malor pendant necklace with mammoth hair $15.99
Nice Tusk of a Woolly Mammoth, FossilNice Tusk of a Woolly Mammoth, Fossil $265.00 L05 before1900 Genuine Woolly Malor Slice teeth Knife Scales Grips mammoth hairL05 before1900 Genuine Woolly Malor Slice teeth Knife Scales Grips mammoth hair $39.99
Piece of Pelvis of a Woolly Mammoth, FossilPiece of Pelvis of a Woolly Mammoth, Fossil $14.50 A Natural Super Well Defined Cut and Polished Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 77.9grA Natural Super Well Defined Cut and Polished Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 77.9gr $59.99
Woolly Mammoth Molar Slice Siberia before 1900 Fossil ToothWoolly Mammoth Molar Slice Siberia before 1900 Fossil Tooth $24.95 Superb Wooly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 8x10x3" Weighs 3.75 KilosSuperb Wooly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 8x10x3" Weighs 3.75 Kilos $1,290.51
Very large Museum Quality thorax vertebra of a Woolly MammothVery large Museum Quality thorax vertebra of a Woolly Mammoth $67.69 Beautiful and Large Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth, FossilBeautiful and Large Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth, Fossil $162.50
pleistocene fossil bark tip blue boar tusk woolly tips 3kgs with mammoth hairpleistocene fossil bark tip blue boar tusk woolly tips 3kgs with mammoth hair $999.99 Very nice Rib of a Woolly MammothVery nice Rib of a Woolly Mammoth $23.50
(Wm-235-3) 4.5" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil baby Woolly Mammoth partial Tooth Sc(Wm-235-3) 4.5" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil baby Woolly Mammoth partial Tooth Sc $280.99 beautiful Woolly Mammoth toothbeautiful Woolly Mammoth tooth $13.50
coccyx Woolly Mammoth 1.8 kg! Fossils Pleistocene Fossil Real from Siberia!coccyx Woolly Mammoth 1.8 kg! Fossils Pleistocene Fossil Real from Siberia! $100.00 2.6 kgs pleistocene Woolly teeth tooth fossil bark Mammoth Hair inlay piece2.6 kgs pleistocene Woolly teeth tooth fossil bark Mammoth Hair inlay piece $327.99
(Wm-121) 5" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaska baby Woolly Mammoth solid Tooth(Wm-121) 5" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaska baby Woolly Mammoth solid Tooth $385.99 7549x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side Genuine Fossil Xlrg 124mm 4.9"7549x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side Genuine Fossil Xlrg 124mm 4.9" $351.49 Was: Previous Price $369.99
Excellent Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil PleistoceneExcellent Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil Pleistocene $550.00 Woolly Mammoth Hair Pleistocene, SiberiaWoolly Mammoth Hair Pleistocene, Siberia $16.00
Genuine Woolly Mammoth Fur(Hair) Dug from Yakutia Permafrost Russia for saleGenuine Woolly Mammoth Fur(Hair) Dug from Yakutia Permafrost Russia for sale $14.99 Wm338-11) 6-5/8" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth sliceWm338-11) 6-5/8" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Siberian Woolly Mammoth Tooth slice $129.99
(Wm-123) 4-3/4" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaska Woolly Mammoth partial Tooth(Wm-123) 4-3/4" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaska Woolly Mammoth partial Tooth $112.99 Woolly MammothWoolly Mammoth $500.00
6 Ribs of the Woolly Mammoth Fossil Fossils from Siberia!6 Ribs of the Woolly Mammoth Fossil Fossils from Siberia! $50.00 Woolly Mammoth Rib Bone FossilWoolly Mammoth Rib Bone Fossil $299.99
Museum Quality Woolly Mammoth toothMuseum Quality Woolly Mammoth tooth $78.00 Russian Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Fossil ToothRussian Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Fossil Tooth $900.00
Southern Mammoth tooth (12-ton giant dwarfs the Woolly) 13.4 lbs, rare & Huge!Southern Mammoth tooth (12-ton giant dwarfs the Woolly) 13.4 lbs, rare & Huge! $499.00 A Big Super Well Defined Cut and Polished Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 339grA Big Super Well Defined Cut and Polished Woolly Mammoth Tooth Fossil 339gr $99.99
Nice Fossilized Woolly Mammoth Tooth Molar - Fossil / PrehistoricNice Fossilized Woolly Mammoth Tooth Molar - Fossil / Prehistoric $299.99 Finger of woolly Mammoth Fossil Pleistocene from Siberia! 15000 yers!Finger of woolly Mammoth Fossil Pleistocene from Siberia! 15000 yers! $100.00
Great Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil PleistoceneGreat Tooth of a Woolly Mammoth Museum Quality! Fossil Pleistocene $450.00 421x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side, Genuine Fossil Xlrg 91mm 3.5"421x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side, Genuine Fossil Xlrg 91mm 3.5" $218.49 Was: Previous Price $229.99
Large *European* Fossil Woolly Mammoth Tooth Ice Age Mammoths primigenius 4+ lbsLarge *European* Fossil Woolly Mammoth Tooth Ice Age Mammoths primigenius 4+ lbs $139.00 Woolly Mammoth Hair from Sibera's Lena River RegionWoolly Mammoth Hair from Sibera's Lena River Region $17.00
418x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side, Genuine Fossil Xlrg 165mm 6.5"418x Woolly Mammoth Tooth Slice Texture One Side, Genuine Fossil Xlrg 165mm 6.5" $427.49 Was: Previous Price $449.99
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Prices current as of last update, 10/18/17 1:00am.

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