Preserved baby mammoth remains in Lucerne,Switzerland
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Wooly Mammoth

A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived during the Pleistocene epoch from 1.6 million years ago to around 10,000 years ago. more...

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The word mammoth comes from the Russian мамонт ("mamont").

Evolutionary history

Mammoth remains have been found in Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America. They are believed to have originally evolved in North Africa about 4.8 million years ago, where bones of Mammuthus africanavus have been found in Chad, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Despite their African ancestry, they are in fact more closely related to the modern Indian elephant than the African elephant. The common ancestor of both mammoths and Asian elephants split from the line of African elephants about 6 - 7.3 million years ago. The Asian elephants and mammoths diverged about half a million years later (5.5 - 6.3 million years ago).

In due course the African mammoth migrated north to Europe and gave rise to a new species, the southern mammoth (Mammuthus meridionalis). This eventually spread across Europe and Asia and acrossed the now-submerged Bering Land Bridge into North America.

Around 700,000 years ago, the warm climate of the time deteriorated markedly and the savannah plains of Europe, Asia and North America gave way to colder and less fertile steppes. The southern mammoth consequently declined, being replaced across most of its territory by the cold-adapted steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii). This in turn gave rise to the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primogenius) around 300,000 years ago. Woolly mammoth was better able to cope with the extreme cold of the Ice Ages.

The woollies were a spectacularly successful species; they ranged from Spain to North America and are thought to have existed in huge numbers. The Russian researcher Sergei Zimov estimates that during the last Ice Age, parts of Siberia may have had an average population density of sixty animals per hundred square kilometres - equivalent to African elephants today.

Extinction

Most mammoths died out at the end of the last Ice Age. However, the dwarf mammoths of Wrangel Island became extinct only around 1700 to 1500 BCE. Whether the general mammoth population died out for climatic reasons or due to overhunting by humans is controversial. A third theory suggests that mammoths may have fallen victim to an infectious disease. A definitive explanation has yet to be agreed upon, and it is very possible that a combination of factors was responsible rather than any of the single cause. The survival of the dwarf mammoths on Russia's Wrangle Island was due to the fact that the island was very remote, and uninhabited in the early post-Pleistocene period. The actual island was not discovered by modern civilization until the 1820s by American whalers. A similar dwarfing occured with Mammoths on the outer Channel Islands of California, but at an earlier period. Those animals were very likely killed by early paleo-indians.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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M92 before1900 Woolly teeth Knife Scales Handle blue Mammoth HairM92 before1900 Woolly teeth Knife Scales Handle blue Mammoth Hair $29.99 Canada 1994 Prehistoric Mammals including Woolly Mammoth set of 4 on FdcCanada 1994 Prehistoric Mammals including Woolly Mammoth set of 4 on Fdc $4.99
Mtg 4x Near Mint, English Woolly Mammoths (Theme Deck Reprint) ColdSnap MagicMtg 4x Near Mint, English Woolly Mammoths (Theme Deck Reprint) ColdSnap Magic $2.92 Woolly Mammoths by Melissa Higgins Hardcover Book (English)Woolly Mammoths by Melissa Higgins Hardcover Book (English) $26.91
Canada 2014 $20 Woolly Mammoth Silver CoinCanada 2014 $20 Woolly Mammoth Silver Coin $68.00 Zvex Effects Woolly Mammoth Hand Painted PedalZvex Effects Woolly Mammoth Hand Painted Pedal $379.00
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“Woolly Mammoth” T-Shirt –Blast of Color and Image (M)“Woolly Mammoth” T-Shirt –Blast of Color and Image (M) $15.00 Steve & Barry's Woolly Mammoth Men's Gray Wool Blend Pea Coat Jacket Size MedSteve & Barry's Woolly Mammoth Men's Gray Wool Blend Pea Coat Jacket Size Med $19.99
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Disney Vinylmation Urban Redux #2 Yellow Woolly Mammoth 3" Mickey Mouse FigureDisney Vinylmation Urban Redux #2 Yellow Woolly Mammoth 3" Mickey Mouse Figure $3.99 Small Woolly Mammoth Gong MalletSmall Woolly Mammoth Gong Mallet $39.00
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On My Own Science: Woolly Mammoths by Ginger Wadsworth (2007, Paperback)On My Own Science: Woolly Mammoths by Ginger Wadsworth (2007, Paperback) $10.94 M102 before1900 Woolly teeth Dark Blue Blank Knife Scales Handle Mammoth HairM102 before1900 Woolly teeth Dark Blue Blank Knife Scales Handle Mammoth Hair $49.99
Russian Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Fossil ToothRussian Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) Fossil Tooth $900.00 Rare 2003 Wooly Mammoth 4" McDonald's Europe Plush Action Figure Brother BearRare 2003 Wooly Mammoth 4" McDonald's Europe Plush Action Figure Brother Bear $14.99
Playmobil 5105 Woolly Mammoth with Baby. Delivery is FreePlaymobil 5105 Woolly Mammoth with Baby. Delivery is Free $23.54 Elkl-3138199-Artistic Wooly Mammoth Sculpture, GoldElkl-3138199-Artistic Wooly Mammoth Sculpture, Gold $78.84
3 Inch Brown Smiling Wooly Mammoth Dinosaur Seated Figurine Decoration, New3 Inch Brown Smiling Wooly Mammoth Dinosaur Seated Figurine Decoration, New $18.59 Disney Vinylmation Park 3" Set 2 Urban Redux Variant Blue Mammoth WoolyDisney Vinylmation Park 3" Set 2 Urban Redux Variant Blue Mammoth Wooly $11.99
Webkinz Woolly MammothWebkinz Woolly Mammoth $13.60 (Wm-122) 4-3/4" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaska Woolly Mammoth partial Tooth(Wm-122) 4-3/4" Rare Extinct Genuine Fossil Alaska Woolly Mammoth partial Tooth $196.99
Woolly Mammoth Wall Decal , Prehistoric DinosaurWoolly Mammoth Wall Decal , Prehistoric Dinosaur $24.99 4pc 4D Animal Puzzle Toy Assembly Woolly Mammoth Smilodon Megatherium Rhino B-444pc 4D Animal Puzzle Toy Assembly Woolly Mammoth Smilodon Megatherium Rhino B-44 $24.19
Woolly MammothWoolly Mammoth $3.99 Elkl-3138198-Sterling Wooly Mammoth Figurine in SilverElkl-3138198-Sterling Wooly Mammoth Figurine in Silver $80.48
Ty Beanie Baby Giganto The Wooly Mammoth! Never Used!Ty Beanie Baby Giganto The Wooly Mammoth! Never Used! $3.50 M96 before1900 Woolly teeth Great Inlay Piece Knife Scales Handle Mammoth HairM96 before1900 Woolly teeth Great Inlay Piece Knife Scales Handle Mammoth Hair $39.99
5 Vintage Rare Prehistoric Woolly Mammoth Dinosaurs Playset Play set by Marx!5 Vintage Rare Prehistoric Woolly Mammoth Dinosaurs Playset Play set by Marx! $25.00
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Prices current as of last update, 06/23/17 7:40pm.

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