Wombat in the snowLine drawing of a Wombat from a 1911 encyclopediaA Wombat sniffing
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Wombat

Wombats are Australian marsupials in appearance rather like a small, very short-legged and muscular bear; approximately one meter (3 feet) in length, and with a mere nubbin of a tail. more...

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The name wombat comes from the Eora Aboriginal tribe who were the original inhabitants of the Sydney area. Wombats dig extensive burrow systems with rodent-like front teeth and powerful claws. Although mainly crepuscular and nocturnal, wombats will also venture out to feed on cool or overcast days. They are not as easily seen as many animals, but leave ample evidence of their passage, treating fences as a minor inconvenience to be gone through or under and leaving distinctive cubic scats. Wombats are herbivores, their diet consisting mostly of grasses, sedges and roots.

Taxonomy

Wombats, like all the larger living marsupials, are part of the Diprotodontia, which has two sub-orders: the large and diverse Phalangerida (kangaroos, possums, and relatives), and the Vombatiformes (which is Latin for "wombat-shaped things"). Five of the seven known families are extinct, only the Koala and the three species of wombat survive. The ancestors of modern wombats evolved sometime between 55 and 26 million years ago (no useful fossil record has yet been found for this period) and about 12 species flourished until well into the ice ages. Among the several diprotodon (giant wombat) species was the largest marsupial to ever live. The earliest human inhabitants of Australia arrived while diprotodons were still common, and are believed to have brought about their extinction through hunting or habitat alteration.

Ecology and behavior

Wombats have an extraordinarily slow metabolism, taking around 14 days to complete digestion, and do not move quickly often. When required, however, they can easily out-run a human, and summon immense reserves of strength — one defence of a wombat against a predator underground (such as a Dingo) is to crush it against the roof of the tunnel until it stops breathing. Its primary defence is its toughened rear hide which, combined with its lack of a meaningful tail, presents a difficult-to-bite target to any enemy who follows the wombat into its tunnel.

There are three species, all around a metre long and weighing between 20 and 35 kg.

  • The Common Wombat (Vombatus ursinus) is widespread in the cooler and better watered parts of southern and eastern Australia, and in mountain districts as far north as the south of Queensland, but is declining in Western Victoria and South Australia. Common Wombats can breed every two years and produce a single cub, which leaves the backwards facing pouch after six to nine months but follows the mother about and breast-feeds for another year.
  • The Southern Hairy-nosed Wombat (Lasiorhinus latifrons) is found in scattered areas of semi-arid scrub and mallee from the eastern Nullarbor Plain to the New South Wales border area. It is the smallest wombat at around 775 to 935 mm and 20 to 32 kg, and the young often do not survive dry seasons. It is classified as vulnerable: a healthy population still remains but appears to be ageing: it is feared that the consistently sparse rainfall of recent years has prevented successful breeding. (It takes three consecutive good seasons for a Southern Hairy-nose to reach near-adulthood.) Wombat specialists are concerned that a continuation of the current trend to dryer climate in arid Southern Australia could be a serious threat to the Southern Hairy-nose wombat.
  • The Yaminon or Northern Hairy-nosed Wombat (Lasiorhinus krefftii), was found across New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland as recently as 100 years ago, but is now restricted to a 3 km² range within the 32 km² Epping Forest National Park in Queensland. It is probably the rarest large mammal in the world and is critically endangered, with 70 to 100 individuals remaining. It is slightly larger than the Common Wombat and able to breed somewhat faster (two young every three years). However, as mentioned before, it has only approximately 3 km² of remaining habitat, and that has become infested with African buffel grass, which out-competes the native grasses Yaminon prefers to feed on. A two metre-high predator-proof fence was constructed around 25 km² of the park in 2000, but captive breeding and translocation programs have been abandoned for the time being because the population in the sole remaining Yaminon colony is considered too small to allow the safe removal of the 15 or 20 individuals needed to start a new wild colony, and because more than a decade of captive breeding research with Common and Southern Hairy-nosed Wombats has produced only a handful of successful births.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Year of the Wombat-ExLibraryYear of the Wombat-ExLibrary $4.94 Animal Planet Sterling Silver Wombat With Genuine Swarovski Crystal NecklaceAnimal Planet Sterling Silver Wombat With Genuine Swarovski Crystal Necklace $79.99
New From the Land of the Wombat by William Sylvester WalkerNew From the Land of the Wombat by William Sylvester Walker $47.91 2009 - Australia - Bush Babies set - Mnh - Koala Kangaroo Possum Wombat2009 - Australia - Bush Babies set - Mnh - Koala Kangaroo Possum Wombat $15.43
7/8 inch Handle Bar Mx Grip Set Maico Husqvarna Ktm Ossa Trial Bultaco Black (Fits: Wombat)7/8 inch Handle Bar Mx Grip Set Maico Husqvarna Ktm Ossa Trial Bultaco Black (Fits: Wombat) $18.99 Nos Vintage Hodaka Super Rat 100 Wombat 125 Clutch Rotor Gear 15T P/N 944002Nos Vintage Hodaka Super Rat 100 Wombat 125 Clutch Rotor Gear 15T P/N 944002 $15.99
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Foot Brake 71 Hodaka Ace 100 Super Rat Squirt Wombat 69Foot Brake 71 Hodaka Ace 100 Super Rat Squirt Wombat 69 $19.99 Don't Pat the Wombat! by Honey, ElizabethDon't Pat the Wombat! by Honey, Elizabeth $4.40
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Oil Dip Stick 71 Hodaka Ace 100 Super Rat Squirt WombatOil Dip Stick 71 Hodaka Ace 100 Super Rat Squirt Wombat $19.20 Frisbee Disc Golf Innova Champion Wombat Mid-Range 180g Fast Straight YellowFrisbee Disc Golf Innova Champion Wombat Mid-Range 180g Fast Straight Yellow $12.99
Scholastic " One Woolly Wombat " Original and the Best by Kerry Argent 2014 PbScholastic " One Woolly Wombat " Original and the Best by Kerry Argent 2014 Pb $6.11 Was:  Previous Price $7.63 Wombat high low activity chair for a child with special needsWombat high low activity chair for a child with special needs $360.00
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Pre Historic Diprotondon Giant Wombat Fossilised TeethPre Historic Diprotondon Giant Wombat Fossilised Teeth $127.60 Australian 1992 95c "Common Wombat" Pair of 1 Kangaroo Reprint Stamps:MuhAustralian 1992 95c "Common Wombat" Pair of 1 Kangaroo Reprint Stamps:Muh $2.32
Vintage Souvenir Spoon Blanchetown S.A. WombatVintage Souvenir Spoon Blanchetown S.A. Wombat $5.41 Australia 786 (Sg784) - Hairy-nosed Wombat "1981 Printing" (pf33094)Australia 786 (Sg784) - Hairy-nosed Wombat "1981 Printing" (pf33094) $1.00
Vintage Pitcher Souvenir Spoon Roadhouse Nundroo S.A. WombatVintage Pitcher Souvenir Spoon Roadhouse Nundroo S.A. Wombat $5.41 73' Hodaka 125 Combat Wombat / Brake Stay Arm73' Hodaka 125 Combat Wombat / Brake Stay Arm $10.00
Atv 145 7.00 - 6 Inner Tubes x 2 Kazuma 50cc Meerkat Wombat Quad 145 x 70 x 6Atv 145 7.00 - 6 Inner Tubes x 2 Kazuma 50cc Meerkat Wombat Quad 145 x 70 x 6 $10.63 1976 Hodaka Road Toad Wombat Super Rat Super Combat Parts List L18971976 Hodaka Road Toad Wombat Super Rat Super Combat Parts List L1897 $11.99
The Wombat: Common Wombats in Australia (Australian Natural History Series)The Wombat: Common Wombats in Australia (Australian Natural History Series) $18.67 1974 Commercial Cover With 20c Wombat & 5c Pioneer (Ru3164)1974 Commercial Cover With 20c Wombat & 5c Pioneer (Ru3164) $12.37 Was:  Previous Price $15.47
Australian 2012 Opals Series 2 Wombat $1 Pure 1 Oz Silver Proof PiedfortAustralian 2012 Opals Series 2 Wombat $1 Pure 1 Oz Silver Proof Piedfort $189.95 Weary Will The Wombat, A. B. 'Banjo' PatersonWeary Will The Wombat, A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson $10.05
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Souvenir Collector Spoon Wombat AustraliaSouvenir Collector Spoon Wombat Australia $5.41 Magic The Gathering Mtg Rabid Wombat Chronicles SinglesMagic The Gathering Mtg Rabid Wombat Chronicles Singles $1.51
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The Adventures of Harry Wombat and Friends (Paperback or Softback)The Adventures of Harry Wombat and Friends (Paperback or Softback) $15.56 List price:  Previous Price $18.67 Old souvenir spoon Corryong Vic wombat Figure Top pewter? RandaOld souvenir spoon Corryong Vic wombat Figure Top pewter? Randa $15.43
Rare: Hodaka Sl125 Road & Trail Motorcycle Brochure Wombat 125 Sl Original PaperRare: Hodaka Sl125 Road & Trail Motorcycle Brochure Wombat 125 Sl Original Paper $6.50 Front Axle 71 Hodaka Ace 100 Super Rat Squirt Wombat 69Front Axle 71 Hodaka Ace 100 Super Rat Squirt Wombat 69 $19.99
New Kickee Pants Natural Wombat muffin ruffle coverall w/zipper,9-12 mo,NwtNew Kickee Pants Natural Wombat muffin ruffle coverall w/zipper,9-12 mo,Nwt $28.99 1975 Hodaka 100 Cc wombat Road Toad S224 front fender1975 Hodaka 100 Cc wombat Road Toad S224 front fender $37.80
Wombat's Yellow Rock. Signed by author Jim Poulter.Wombat's Yellow Rock. Signed by author Jim Poulter. $13.84 2013 -Australia - Bush Babies set of 5 Kookaburra Wombat Echidna Platypus Possum2013 -Australia - Bush Babies set of 5 Kookaburra Wombat Echidna Platypus Possum $23.16
The Adventures of the Muddle-Headed Wombat (Deluxe Hardcover Edition)The Adventures of the Muddle-Headed Wombat (Deluxe Hardcover Edition) $24.08 1975 Hodaka 100 Cc wombat Road Toad S224 sprocket1975 Hodaka 100 Cc wombat Road Toad S224 sprocket $21.60
2006 Australian Native Wildlife+Koala.Platypus Echidna Wombat Devil Bilby Dingo2006 Australian Native Wildlife+Koala.Platypus Echidna Wombat Devil Bilby Dingo $15.43
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