Common Chimp
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Chimpanzee

Chimpanzee, often abbreviated to chimp, is the common name for two species in the genus Pan. The better known chimpanzee is Pan troglodytes, the Common Chimpanzee, living in West and Central Africa. more...

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Its cousin, the Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee (Pan paniscus), is found in the forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The boundary between the two species is formed by the Congo River.

Lifespan

Chimpanzees rarely live past the age of 50 in the wild, but have been known to reach the age of 60 in captivity.

Chimpanzee differences

Anatomical differences between Common and Pygmy Chimpanzees are slight, but in sexual and social behaviour there are marked differences. Common Chimpanzees have an omnivorous diet, a troop hunting culture based on beta males led by a relatively weak alpha, and highly complex social relationships; Bonobos, on the other hand, have a mostly herbivorous diet and an egalitarian, matriarchal, sexually promiscuous culture. Chimpanzee's have pinkish faces and Bonobos have darker faces. Bonobos have longer arms and tend to walk upright most of the time.

History of human interaction

Although Africans have had contact with chimpanzees for millennia, the first recorded (Western) contact of humans with chimps was made by Europeans scouting Angola at some point during the 1600s. The first use of the name "chimpanzee", however, did not occur until 1738. The name is derived from an Angolan Bantu language term "Tshiluba kivili-chimpenze", which is the local name for the animal and translates loosely as "mockman" or possibly just "ape". The colloquialism "chimp" was most likely coined some time in the late 1870s. Science would eventually take the 'pan' occurring in 'chimpanzee' and attribute it to Pan, a rural ancient Greek god of nature. Biologists would apply Pan as the genus name of the animal. Chimps as well as other apes had also been purported to have existed in ancient times, but did so mainly as myths and legends on the edge of Euro-Arabic societal consciousness, mainly through fragmented and sketchy accounts of European adventurers. Apes are mentioned variously by Aristotle, as well as the Bible.

European scientists were bemused when chimpanzees first began arriving on the European continent as a result of these ancient descriptions, which often falsely purported that chimpanzees had horns and hooves. The first of these early trans-continental chimpanzees came from Angola and was presented as a gift to the Prince of Orange in 1640 and was followed by a few of its brethren over the next several years. Scientists who examined these rare specimens were baffled and described these first chimpanzees as "pygmies" of some kind or another, but did manage to note the animals' distinct similarities to humans. The next two decades would see a number of the creatures imported into Europe, mainly acquired by various zoological gardens as entertainment for visitors.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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1954 Press Photo Paris France Zoo Chimpanzee Sunbathing - ner115871954 Press Photo Paris France Zoo Chimpanzee Sunbathing - ner11587 $19.99 Chimpanzee Politics : Power and Sex among ApesChimpanzee Politics : Power and Sex among Apes $3.99
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Chimpanzee I Love Monkey Darwin Poster (11" x 17) to (18"x 24 ")Chimpanzee I Love Monkey Darwin Poster (11" x 17) to (18"x 24 ") $9.99 to $11.99 Wade Miniature Figurine Whimsies Chimpanzee 1.25" American Series #2 1985-1994Wade Miniature Figurine Whimsies Chimpanzee 1.25" American Series #2 1985-1994 $1.99
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Gorilla, Monkeys, Ape, Primates, Chimpanzee, Collectable $1,000,000 billGorilla, Monkeys, Ape, Primates, Chimpanzee, Collectable $1,000,000 bill $2.99 Zoo Talkers Chimpanzee Monkey Ape Fisher-Price Little People Replacement AnimalZoo Talkers Chimpanzee Monkey Ape Fisher-Price Little People Replacement Animal $7.99
Littlest Pet Shop Chimpanzee #223 Brown With Green EyesLittlest Pet Shop Chimpanzee #223 Brown With Green Eyes $2.99 Gibraltar multiviews Panorama General view Street Chimpanzee CaveGibraltar multiviews Panorama General view Street Chimpanzee Cave $3.79
1935 London Zoo Precaution Adorable Hot Milk Served Chimpanzee Press Photo1935 London Zoo Precaution Adorable Hot Milk Served Chimpanzee Press Photo $18.88 W Swarovski Crystal Monkey Gibbon Ape Chimpanzee Gorilla Pendant 18" ChainW Swarovski Crystal Monkey Gibbon Ape Chimpanzee Gorilla Pendant 18" Chain $29.00
Monkey Stand - Mantle Piece Approx 7" Tall - Chimpanzee Display Shelf - CreamMonkey Stand - Mantle Piece Approx 7" Tall - Chimpanzee Display Shelf - Cream $9.99 Disneynature: Chimpanzee [2 Discs] [Dvd/Blu-ray] (2012, Blu-ray New) WsDisneynature: Chimpanzee [2 Discs] [Dvd/Blu-ray] (2012, Blu-ray New) Ws $23.68 List price: Previous Price $27.10
Chimpanzee Wildlife Figure Safari Ltd New Toys Educational FigurinesChimpanzee Wildlife Figure Safari Ltd New Toys Educational Figurines $8.99 Anico Collectible Plush Toy Stuffed Animal Chimpanzee 9in Tall with chainAnico Collectible Plush Toy Stuffed Animal Chimpanzee 9in Tall with chain $14.95
Clay Monkey Clown Chimpanzee Sculptured Figure Funny Statue Collectable 4.25"Clay Monkey Clown Chimpanzee Sculptured Figure Funny Statue Collectable 4.25" $15.97 Metal Bookmark Page Marker with Charm Keep Calm and H-OMetal Bookmark Page Marker with Charm Keep Calm and H-O $4.99
Wade Monkey Chimpanzee Brown Glossy Glaze Miniature Ceramic Figurine EnglandWade Monkey Chimpanzee Brown Glossy Glaze Miniature Ceramic Figurine England $11.95 2008 Wacky Pack Flashback 2 Packages Green Parallel Sticker Chimpanzee Plugs 342008 Wacky Pack Flashback 2 Packages Green Parallel Sticker Chimpanzee Plugs 34 $3.00
Hansa chimpanzee plush 18-20" huge realistic excellent conditionHansa chimpanzee plush 18-20" huge realistic excellent condition $35.00 Funny Chimpanzee Kraft Paper Poster Retro Animal Poster Bar Cafe Home Room DecorFunny Chimpanzee Kraft Paper Poster Retro Animal Poster Bar Cafe Home Room Decor $1.99
Planet of The Apes Conquest Chimpanzee Chimp Jumpsuit Caesar Halloween CostumePlanet of The Apes Conquest Chimpanzee Chimp Jumpsuit Caesar Halloween Costume $69.90 Poster, Many Sizes; Mercury-Redstone 2 With Chimpanzee Ham Aboard 1961Poster, Many Sizes; Mercury-Redstone 2 With Chimpanzee Ham Aboard 1961 $31.95 to $249.00
Retired Swarovski Crystal Chimpanzee 7618 Nr 000 001Retired Swarovski Crystal Chimpanzee 7618 Nr 000 001 $50.00 7" Wild Republic Chimpanzee Chimp Plush Baby Monkey K&M Cuddlekins Toy Black7" Wild Republic Chimpanzee Chimp Plush Baby Monkey K&M Cuddlekins Toy Black $6.97 Was: Previous Price $9.95
Chimpanzee Cultures: With a Foreword by Jane Goodall by Richard Wrangham PaperbaChimpanzee Cultures: With a Foreword by Jane Goodall by Richard Wrangham Paperba $66.39 StealStreet 7in Pewter w/ Marble Base Thinking Chimpanzee Figurine Statue, NewStealStreet 7in Pewter w/ Marble Base Thinking Chimpanzee Figurine Statue, New $223.00
1958 Press Photo Ice Skating Chimpanzee Mr Jinx - ner151471958 Press Photo Ice Skating Chimpanzee Mr Jinx - ner15147 $19.99 Lego Lot Of 5 Black Chimpanzee Monkey Small Ape w/ Tan Face Animal (96642) NewLego Lot Of 5 Black Chimpanzee Monkey Small Ape w/ Tan Face Animal (96642) New $4.70 Was: Previous Price $4.95
Baby Chimp Glossy Poster Picture Photo cute chimpanzee monkey decor hang aww 407Baby Chimp Glossy Poster Picture Photo cute chimpanzee monkey decor hang aww 407 $7.99 to $14.99 Lot of 2 Webkinz : African Black Rhino + African Chimpanzee - NwtLot of 2 Webkinz : African Black Rhino + African Chimpanzee - Nwt $21.99
Great Chimpanzee Head Belt Buckle With A Glitter Touch New! Us MadeGreat Chimpanzee Head Belt Buckle With A Glitter Touch New! Us Made $16.95 Gibraltar Several views Chimpanzee Panorama General view Beach StrandGibraltar Several views Chimpanzee Panorama General view Beach Strand $3.79
1974 Press Photo A chimpanzee sits inside a bucket - noa635461974 Press Photo A chimpanzee sits inside a bucket - noa63546 $15.88 Vintage Thailand Hear, See, Speak No Evil Chimpanzee Figurine - 10" TallVintage Thailand Hear, See, Speak No Evil Chimpanzee Figurine - 10" Tall $18.00
7 Inch Chimpanzee Animal Figure Chewing Stem Collectible Display, New7 Inch Chimpanzee Animal Figure Chewing Stem Collectible Display, New $47.67 Lot of 5 Jared Diamond Books - Guns Germs Steel Chimpanzee Collapse World UntilLot of 5 Jared Diamond Books - Guns Germs Steel Chimpanzee Collapse World Until $35.00
Chimpanzee Ham Retrieval 8x10 Photo Mercury RocketChimpanzee Ham Retrieval 8x10 Photo Mercury Rocket $7.91 Was: Previous Price $8.99 Chimp Math: Learning about Time from a Baby Chimpanzee (ExLib)Chimp Math: Learning about Time from a Baby Chimpanzee (ExLib) $4.18
Design Toscano Exclusive 16" Chico The Chimpanzee Hanging Baby Monkey StatueDesign Toscano Exclusive 16" Chico The Chimpanzee Hanging Baby Monkey Statue $50.95 Chimpanzee Reading Newspaper Art Print - 24x32Chimpanzee Reading Newspaper Art Print - 24x32 $13.99
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Prices current as of last update, 06/21/17 9:40am.

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