Koala in Manna Gum forest, southern Victoria.Koala eating leavesKoala in a park at Cairns, Australia
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Koala

The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is a thickset arboreal marsupial herbivore native to Australia, and the only representative of its family, Phascolarctidae. more...

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The koala's scientific name comes from the Greek: phaskolos meaning "pouch" and; arktos meaning "bear". The cinereus part is Latin and means "ash-coloured". Some people refer to the koala as a koala bear—this is technically incorrect, since koala is not part of the bear family. The word "koala" comes from an Aboriginal word meaning "does not drink".

Koalas are found all along the eastern coast of Australia from near Adelaide to the base of the Cape York Peninsula, and as far into the hinterland as there is enough rainfall to support suitable forest. The koalas of South Australia were exterminated during the early part of the 20th century, but the state has since been repopulated with Victorian stock.

Taxonomy and evolution

Although three subspecies have been described, these are arbitrary selections from a cline and are not generally accepted as valid. Following Bergmann's Rule, southern individuals from the cooler climates are larger. A typical Victorian koala (formerly P. cinereus victor, see illustrations) has longer, thicker fur, is a darker, softer grey, often with chocolate-brown highlights on the back and forearms, and has a more prominently light-coloured ventral side and fluffy white ear tufts. Typical weights are 12 kg for males and 8.5 kg for females. In tropical and sub-tropical Queensland, however, Koalas are smaller (at around 6.5 kg for an average male and just over 5 kg for an average female), a lighter, often rather scruffy, grey in colour, and have shorter, thinner fur. Queensland koalas were previously classified as the subspecies P. cinereus adustus, and the intermediate forms in New South Wales as P. cinereus cinereus. The variation from one form to another is continuous, and there are substantial differences between individual Koalas in any given region such as hair color.

Koala fossils are quite rare, but some have been found in northern Australia dating back 20 million years ago. During this time, the northern half of Australia was rainforest. They did not specialise in a diet of eucalyptus until the climate cooled and eucalyptus forests grew in the place of rainforests. Fossils prove that before 50,000 years ago, giant koalas inhabited the southern regions of Australia. The koala fills the same ecological role as the sloth of South America. Its origins are unclear. However, since its pouch opens backwards instead of forwards like most other marsupials, it is theorised that it may have evolved from a burrowing marsupial.

Physical description

Koalas are broadly similar in appearance to the wombat (their closest living relative), but have a thicker, softer coat, much larger ears, and longer limbs, which are equipped with large, sharp claws to assist with climbing. Weight varies from about 14 kg for a large, southern male, to about 5 kg for a small northern female. They are generally silent, but male koalas have a very loud advertising call (a nasal snort that human children delight in imitating) that can be heard from almost a kilometre away during the breeding season. There is little reliable information about the lifespan of koalas. However, in captivity they have been observed to reach the age of 15 years.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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3X I Love Koala , Kangaroo & Australia Souvenir Pencil Case Zipped Bag3X I Love Koala , Kangaroo & Australia Souvenir Pencil Case Zipped Bag $15.69 Australian Metal Koalas Nail Clippers Key Ring Souvenir.Australian Metal Koalas Nail Clippers Key Ring Souvenir. $15.61
China Stamp-1995-15-Rare Animals (Joint Issue China and Australia)-Panda/koalaChina Stamp-1995-15-Rare Animals (Joint Issue China and Australia)-Panda/koala $1.79 Custom Made One Piece Revolutionary Army Koala Cosplay Costume Outfit for Sale#aCustom Made One Piece Revolutionary Army Koala Cosplay Costume Outfit for Sale#a $35.20
9ct gold New bullion pendant to fit a one Oz silver koala & maple leaf coin9ct gold New bullion pendant to fit a one Oz silver koala & maple leaf coin $817.74 Cartoon Usb-Powered Heating Eye Mask Health Hot Compress Sleep Kid Gifts 5V 2017Cartoon Usb-Powered Heating Eye Mask Health Hot Compress Sleep Kid Gifts 5V 2017 $13.09
7Sylvania Family Doll Koala Family Fs-15 Epoch from japan M7Sylvania Family Doll Koala Family Fs-15 Epoch from japan M $24.00 Koala Teatime Cream Tote BagKoala Teatime Cream Tote Bag $12.94
No Me Gusta Mi Koala: By Ferrell, SeanNo Me Gusta Mi Koala: By Ferrell, Sean $17.75 Personalised Ornament/Decoration/Gift - Koala WeddingPersonalised Ornament/Decoration/Gift - Koala Wedding $11.77
1990 43c Sport Skateboard Skateboarding $4.30 Booklet Australia 1 Koala Reprint1990 43c Sport Skateboard Skateboarding $4.30 Booklet Australia 1 Koala Reprint $4.50 Koala Teatime Women's White VestKoala Teatime Women's White Vest $18.40
Lot of Four Antique Small Animals: Monkey, Rabbit, Koala, Raccoon?Lot of Four Antique Small Animals: Monkey, Rabbit, Koala, Raccoon? $14.99 Banpresto One Piece Wcf World Collection Figure -History Of Sabo- KoalaBanpresto One Piece Wcf World Collection Figure -History Of Sabo- Koala $17.09 Was:  Previous Price $17.99
Pcgs 2015-P Australia Koala Bear $1 Dollar Coin Ms69 Silver 1oz .999 Perth MintPcgs 2015-P Australia Koala Bear $1 Dollar Coin Ms69 Silver 1oz .999 Perth Mint $49.49 Was:  Previous Price $54.99 Silver Koala Bear Cufflinks Gift Climbing A Tree Cuff Links Ideal Present NewSilver Koala Bear Cufflinks Gift Climbing A Tree Cuff Links Ideal Present New $15.69 List price:  Previous Price $21.99
Trax Tr26E Ford Xk Falcon Koala GreyTrax Tr26E Ford Xk Falcon Koala Grey $38.44 [Special Offer] "Koalas & Mushrooms" Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$102.00[Special Offer] "Koalas & Mushrooms" Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$102.00 $64.32
Gutmann Microphone Windscreen Windshield for Tascam Dr-05 V2 Model KoalaGutmann Microphone Windscreen Windshield for Tascam Dr-05 V2 Model Koala $29.90 Bts Key Ring Key Chain Bts Pendant Bt21 Cartoon Koya Koala Idol Cooky RabbitBts Key Ring Key Chain Bts Pendant Bt21 Cartoon Koya Koala Idol Cooky Rabbit $1.46
New Koala Kids Kitty Cat Hat With Mittens Girls 2t-3tNew Koala Kids Kitty Cat Hat With Mittens Girls 2t-3t $4.99 60 Different Ganz Webkinz Plush Stuffed Animals {Each Sold Separate} Used60 Different Ganz Webkinz Plush Stuffed Animals {Each Sold Separate} Used $8.99
Youkai Watch Yokai Soft Vinyl Series Koala NyanYoukai Watch Yokai Soft Vinyl Series Koala Nyan $9.68 [Special Offer] "Koalas & Palm Tree" Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$74.00[Special Offer] "Koalas & Palm Tree" Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$74.00 $46.67
Kangaroos, Koalas, and Other Marsupials (ExLib) by Ellen RabinowichKangaroos, Koalas, and Other Marsupials (ExLib) by Ellen Rabinowich $31.68 2014 Australia Koala 1oz Silver Chinese Lunar Horse Privy Ngc Ms70 Mint:83792014 Australia Koala 1oz Silver Chinese Lunar Horse Privy Ngc Ms70 Mint:8379 $89.00
Rare Vtg 90's Harley Davidson Australia Koala County T-Shirt Adult Medium.Rare Vtg 90's Harley Davidson Australia Koala County T-Shirt Adult Medium. $44.99 [Special Offer] "Koalas & Lighthouse" Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$80.00[Special Offer] "Koalas & Lighthouse" Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$80.00 $50.20
A Koala is Not a Bear! (Crabapples)-ExLibraryA Koala is Not a Bear! (Crabapples)-ExLibrary $6.99 [Special Offer] "Koalas & Sunflower " Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$102.00[Special Offer] "Koalas & Sunflower " Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$102.00 $64.32
Swagman Pottery Australia Koala FigurineSwagman Pottery Australia Koala Figurine $15.99 New! Koala Kids Baby Girl Swimsuit 3 Months Two Piece 50 Uv Ray ProtectedNew! Koala Kids Baby Girl Swimsuit 3 Months Two Piece 50 Uv Ray Protected $8.99
Koala kids yellow tutu bathing suit size 24 months 2TKoala kids yellow tutu bathing suit size 24 months 2T $2.00 Gutmann Microphone Windscreen Windshield for Tascam Dr-03 Special Model KoalaGutmann Microphone Windscreen Windshield for Tascam Dr-03 Special Model Koala $29.90
One Piece Koala Sabo Dofla Zoro Card Stand Figure Ichiban Dress Rosa Battle E BpOne Piece Koala Sabo Dofla Zoro Card Stand Figure Ichiban Dress Rosa Battle E Bp $59.49 Epoch Sylvanian Families Doll Fs-15 Family of KoalaEpoch Sylvanian Families Doll Fs-15 Family of Koala $25.49
Australia 1,2,3 Koalas on Living together series all MuhAustralia 1,2,3 Koalas on Living together series all Muh $10.59 Sz8 Hand Carved Koala Natural Buffalo Bone RingSz8 Hand Carved Koala Natural Buffalo Bone Ring $2.24
Australia 2002 $1.10 Koala International Post MnhAustralia 2002 $1.10 Koala International Post Mnh $2.27 Crazee Jumpin Beans + Tray + 4 Beans included Koala Snotty Jekyll Hyde First AidCrazee Jumpin Beans + Tray + 4 Beans included Koala Snotty Jekyll Hyde First Aid $9.99
Koala Flexfit® Pro-Formance® Embroidered Cap HatKoala Flexfit® Pro-Formance® Embroidered Cap Hat $19.99 Koala Tools | Ring Ruler - Circle Templates & Math Compass Tool Geometric.Koala Tools | Ring Ruler - Circle Templates & Math Compass Tool Geometric. $16.58
[Special Offer]"Koalas&Ra inbow Chrysan." Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$102.00[Special Offer]"Koalas&Ra inbow Chrysan." Austrian Crystal Figurine was Au$102.00 $64.32 Stuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Nokia Lumia 920/Wildlife AnimalsStuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Nokia Lumia 920/Wildlife Animals $7.98
Australia Collection incl. 6d Kookaburra, 4d Koala, etc per scan Mint & U (Nr) #Australia Collection incl. 6d Kookaburra, 4d Koala, etc per scan Mint & U (Nr) # $3.06 Vintage Collectible Pin: Koala Gold ToneVintage Collectible Pin: Koala Gold Tone $9.99
Adorable Gift Plush Girls Doll Me Too Metoo in Koala Costume with Backpack ClipAdorable Gift Plush Girls Doll Me Too Metoo in Koala Costume with Backpack Clip $5.00 Was:  Previous Price $10.95 Koala Teatime White MugKoala Teatime White Mug $15.34
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Prices current as of last update, 02/22/18 2:00am.

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