Koala in Manna Gum forest, southern Victoria.Koala eating leavesKoala in a park at Cairns, Australia
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Koala

The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is a thickset arboreal marsupial herbivore native to Australia, and the only representative of its family, Phascolarctidae. more...

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The koala's scientific name comes from the Greek: phaskolos meaning "pouch" and; arktos meaning "bear". The cinereus part is Latin and means "ash-coloured". Some people refer to the koala as a koala bear—this is technically incorrect, since koala is not part of the bear family. The word "koala" comes from an Aboriginal word meaning "does not drink".

Koalas are found all along the eastern coast of Australia from near Adelaide to the base of the Cape York Peninsula, and as far into the hinterland as there is enough rainfall to support suitable forest. The koalas of South Australia were exterminated during the early part of the 20th century, but the state has since been repopulated with Victorian stock.

Taxonomy and evolution

Although three subspecies have been described, these are arbitrary selections from a cline and are not generally accepted as valid. Following Bergmann's Rule, southern individuals from the cooler climates are larger. A typical Victorian koala (formerly P. cinereus victor, see illustrations) has longer, thicker fur, is a darker, softer grey, often with chocolate-brown highlights on the back and forearms, and has a more prominently light-coloured ventral side and fluffy white ear tufts. Typical weights are 12 kg for males and 8.5 kg for females. In tropical and sub-tropical Queensland, however, Koalas are smaller (at around 6.5 kg for an average male and just over 5 kg for an average female), a lighter, often rather scruffy, grey in colour, and have shorter, thinner fur. Queensland koalas were previously classified as the subspecies P. cinereus adustus, and the intermediate forms in New South Wales as P. cinereus cinereus. The variation from one form to another is continuous, and there are substantial differences between individual Koalas in any given region such as hair color.

Koala fossils are quite rare, but some have been found in northern Australia dating back 20 million years ago. During this time, the northern half of Australia was rainforest. They did not specialise in a diet of eucalyptus until the climate cooled and eucalyptus forests grew in the place of rainforests. Fossils prove that before 50,000 years ago, giant koalas inhabited the southern regions of Australia. The koala fills the same ecological role as the sloth of South America. Its origins are unclear. However, since its pouch opens backwards instead of forwards like most other marsupials, it is theorised that it may have evolved from a burrowing marsupial.

Physical description

Koalas are broadly similar in appearance to the wombat (their closest living relative), but have a thicker, softer coat, much larger ears, and longer limbs, which are equipped with large, sharp claws to assist with climbing. Weight varies from about 14 kg for a large, southern male, to about 5 kg for a small northern female. They are generally silent, but male koalas have a very loud advertising call (a nasal snort that human children delight in imitating) that can be heard from almost a kilometre away during the breeding season. There is little reliable information about the lifespan of koalas. However, in captivity they have been observed to reach the age of 15 years.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Vintage 1980s Dakin Hand Koala Bear In Pink DressVintage 1980s Dakin Hand Koala Bear In Pink Dress $12.60 Koala kids size 8 sandalKoala kids size 8 sandal $7.00
China Taiwan 2002 , Koala Bear , Stamp set MnhChina Taiwan 2002 , Koala Bear , Stamp set Mnh $3.42 Was: Previous Price $3.60 Handcrafted Silver and Gold Finish Bronze Metal Koala Business - Made Europe Handcrafted Silver and Gold Finish Bronze Metal Koala Business - Made Europe  $55.20 Was: Previous Price $69.00
1999 Stamps Australia $1.00 Koala Stamps, Corner Block Pair Mnh1999 Stamps Australia $1.00 Koala Stamps, Corner Block Pair Mnh $4.33 2014 1/2 oz Authentic Gem Bu Silver Australia Koala Coin -Sealed in Mint Capsule2014 1/2 oz Authentic Gem Bu Silver Australia Koala Coin -Sealed in Mint Capsule $18.90
2011-P Koala Pcgs Sp 702011-P Koala Pcgs Sp 70 $31.31 00006000 Was: Previous Price $36.83 Koala Kids Pink Embroidered Short Sleeved Top Girls Size 36 months 3TKoala Kids Pink Embroidered Short Sleeved Top Girls Size 36 months 3T $0.99
1990's Koala Bear Joke Australia Colour Postcard1990's Koala Bear Joke Australia Colour Postcard $2.58 Australia 1994 Koalas and Kangaroos Peel & Stick FdcAustralia 1994 Koalas and Kangaroos Peel & Stick Fdc $2.70
Koala Baby Plush White Bunny Carrot Green Bow Lovey 14" Floppy StitchesKoala Baby Plush White Bunny Carrot Green Bow Lovey 14" Floppy Stitches $11.36 Solomon Island 2016 Koalas S/S 16111Solomon Island 2016 Koalas S/S 16111 $5.60
Kelvin the GeoTrack Koala - Trackable for GeocachingKelvin the GeoTrack Koala - Trackable for Geocaching $9.05 Qingqi Qm50Qt-6D 50 4T Koala 2011-2014 Athena Air FilterQingqi Qm50Qt-6D 50 4T Koala 2011-2014 Athena Air Filter $10.19
Koala Kids Girls Dress, size 4/4T, multi colored, cottonKoala Kids Girls Dress, size 4/4T, multi colored, cotton $11.90 Koala & Eagle Bicentennial Australia Us Usa Fleetwood Fdc Cover 1988Koala & Eagle Bicentennial Australia Us Usa Fleetwood Fdc Cover 1988 $7.50
Collector Card;Vintage.Blank Back-Swap Card Single (koala bear )Collector Card;Vintage.Blank Back-Swap Card Single (koala bear ) $1.42 1938 Australia 4d Green Koala Pair Fdc Registered Post Tirrikiba Nsw to Canada1938 Australia 4d Green Koala Pair Fdc Registered Post Tirrikiba Nsw to Canada $39.96 Was: Previous Price $49.95
Australia Souvenir 1 Sheet 10 Vinyl Stickers Decal Assorted Sizes Kangaroo KoalaAustralia Souvenir 1 Sheet 10 Vinyl Stickers Decal Assorted Sizes Kangaroo Koala $6.26 Australia 1974 Koala postcard 15c pioneer harvester Austria solo coverAustralia 1974 Koala postcard 15c pioneer harvester Austria solo cover $7.08
Australia 1994 Koalas & Kangaroos FdcAustralia 1994 Koalas & Kangaroos Fdc $2.70 Koala Plush Toy New Nat and Jules Medium 11.5inches/29cmKoala Plush Toy New Nat and Jules Medium 11.5inches/29cm $34.56
2014 1/10 oz Fine Silver Koala Coin Waterproof Keepsake Locket with Ss Necklace2014 1/10 oz Fine Silver Koala Coin Waterproof Keepsake Locket with Ss Necklace $22.95 2015 1/2 oz Authentic Gem Bu Silver Australian Koala - Sealed in Mint Capsule2015 1/2 oz Authentic Gem Bu Silver Australian Koala - Sealed in Mint Capsule $17.90
Tree wall decal with blossoms large wall decal with koala wall art sticker Kr023Tree wall decal with blossoms large wall decal with koala wall art sticker Kr023 $79.00 3x Yugioh Bp03-En094 Vampire Koala Rare 1st Edition Card3x Yugioh Bp03-En094 Vampire Koala Rare 1st Edition Card $1.50
2014 1/10 oz Bu Silver Australia Koala Coin in Waterproof Locket with Ss Chain2014 1/10 oz Bu Silver Australia Koala Coin in Waterproof Locket with Ss Chain $22.95 100% Auth Hermes Tie Silk Necktie Mens Whimsical Koalas In Trees Pattern 7597100% Auth Hermes Tie Silk Necktie Mens Whimsical Koalas In Trees Pattern 7597 $122.95
3x Yugioh Bp03-En038 Sea Koala Shatterfoil3x Yugioh Bp03-En038 Sea Koala Shatterfoil $8.95 6" Cute Colorful Koala Ty Beanie Boos Plush Stuffed Toys Glitter Eyes6" Cute Colorful Koala Ty Beanie Boos Plush Stuffed Toys Glitter Eyes $2.45
3x Yugioh Bp03-En038 Sea Koala Common 1st Edition Card3x Yugioh Bp03-En038 Sea Koala Common 1st Edition Card $1.50 "Koala Bear" Wild Life Animal Fact File Information Card/Home School Study"Koala Bear" Wild Life Animal Fact File Information Card/Home School Study $6.95
Australia Koala Bear Brisbane Philatelic Society 1938Australia Koala Bear Brisbane Philatelic Society 1938 $22.00 Ty beanie babies Baby Mel the Koala Bear 1996 RetiredTy beanie babies Baby Mel the Koala Bear 1996 Retired $14.95
Koala Kids Baby Girls Leggings, size 3 mo, pink, cotton, polyester, spandexKoala Kids Baby Girls Leggings, size 3 mo, pink, cotton, polyester, spandex $11.40 Cuddly Koala (Snuggle Puppet) by Goldhawk, EmmaCuddly Koala (Snuggle Puppet) by Goldhawk, Emma $7.69
2012-P Koala Half Dollar First Strike Pcgs Sp 702012-P Koala Half Dollar First Strike Pcgs Sp 70 $41.42 Was: Previous Price $48.73 New Unisex Koala Adult Pajamas Kigurumi Cosplay Costume Animal Onesie SleepwearNew Unisex Koala Adult Pajamas Kigurumi Cosplay Costume Animal Onesie Sleepwear $21.84 to $23.74 Was: Previous Price $22.99
Koala Baby Blue Brown Puppy Dog Lovey Baby Security Blanket Fleece Paw PrintKoala Baby Blue Brown Puppy Dog Lovey Baby Security Blanket Fleece Paw Print $32.95 Vintage Australian Koala Tea Towel Pure Linen Poland By Heil Australia BVintage Australian Koala Tea Towel Pure Linen Poland By Heil Australia B $9.99
Koala Kids Adorable Holiday Outfit 3 Pc.Koala Kids Adorable Holiday Outfit 3 Pc. $13.99 Carbon Steel Diy Brain Developmental Cutting Dies Stencils Scrapbooking Tool EmCarbon Steel Diy Brain Developmental Cutting Dies Stencils Scrapbooking Tool Em $4.74 to $8.43
6X Cute Lenticular 3D Aus postcard Koala Kangaroo Opera House Harbour Bridge6X Cute Lenticular 3D Aus postcard Koala Kangaroo Opera House Harbour Bridge $18.88 Qantas Boac Australia Koala Travel Repro New A4 Poster Gloss Print LaminatedQantas Boac Australia Koala Travel Repro New A4 Poster Gloss Print Laminated $10.23
Jack N' Jill Biodegradable Children's Toothbrush Koala | Brand NewJack N' Jill Biodegradable Children's Toothbrush Koala | Brand New $4.68 Baby Girl Spring Summer Bloomer Outfit Sets BabyGap Carters Koala 0-3m 3-6mBaby Girl Spring Summer Bloomer Outfit Sets BabyGap Carters Koala 0-3m 3-6m $18.00
Yu-Gi-Oh Bloodsucking Koala Pr01-Jp009 Common MintYu-Gi-Oh Bloodsucking Koala Pr01-Jp009 Common Mint $1.00 koala kids Boys 24 Months Swimming Shirtskoala kids Boys 24 Months Swimming Shirts $0.99
3x Yugioh Bp03-En094 Vampire Koala Shatterfoil3x Yugioh Bp03-En094 Vampire Koala Shatterfoil $8.95 Nwt New Koala Kids Dragon / Dinosaur Dress Up Costume Size 6-9 months $32.99Nwt New Koala Kids Dragon / Dinosaur Dress Up Costume Size 6-9 months $32.99 $9.99
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Prices current as of last update, 08/14/17 4:00am.

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