Two-toed SlothThree toed sloth in a Costa Rican rehabilitation center.
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Sloth

Sloths are medium-sized South American mammals belonging to the families Megalonychidae and Bradypodidae, part of the order Xenarthra. Sloths are herbivores, eating very little other than leaves. more...

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Sloths have made extraordinary adaptations to an arboreal browsing lifestyle. Leaves, their main food source, provide very little energy or nutrition and do not digest easily: sloths have very large, specialized, slow-acting stomachs with multiple compartments in which symbiotic bacteria break down the tough leaves. Sloths may also eat insects and small lizards and carrion. As much as two thirds of a well-fed sloth's body-weight consists of the contents of its stomach, and the digestive process can take as long as a month or more to complete. Even so, leaves provide little energy, and sloths deal with this by a range of economy measures: they have very low metabolic rates (less than half of that expected for a creature of their size), and maintain low body temperatures when active (30 to 34 degrees Celsius), and still lower temperatures when resting.

Sloths move only when necessary and then very slowly: they have about half as much muscle tissue as other animals of similar weight. They can move at a higher speed, which still isn't all that fast, if they are in immediate danger from a predator, but they burn large amounts of energy doing so. Their specialized hands and feet have long, curved claws to allow them to hang upside-down from branches without effort. While they sometimes sit on top of branches, they usually eat, sleep and even give birth hanging from limbs. They are particularly partial to nesting in the crowns of palm trees where they can camouflage as a coconut. They come to the ground, to urinate and defecate, only about once a week.

Sloth fur also exhibits specialized functions: the outer hairs grow in the opposite direction to that of other mammals, i.e. pointing away from their extremities (so as to provide protection from the elements despite living legs-uppermost), and in moist conditions host two species of symbiotic cyanobacteria, which may provide camouflage. Ocassionally wild sloths appear to have a green tinge to their fur because of the presence of these bacteria.

Their claws also serve as their only natural defence. A cornered sloth may swipe at its attackers in a usually futile effort to scare them away. Despite sloths' apparent defencelessness, predators do not pose special problems: in the trees sloths have good camouflage and, moving only slowly, do not attract attention. Only during their infrequent visits to ground level do they become vulnerable. The main predators of sloths are the jaguar, the harpy eagle, and humans. The majority of sloth deaths in Costa Rica are from sloths getting into electrical lines and from poachers. Despite their adaptation to living in trees, sloths make competent swimmers.

Infant sloths normally cling to their mother's fur, but occasionally fall off. Sloths are very sturdily built and very few die from the fall. In some cases they die from the fall indirectly because the mothers sometimes prove unwilling to leave the safety of the trees to retrieve them.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Sugarloaf Kellytoy Easter Sloth Plush SoftSugarloaf Kellytoy Easter Sloth Plush Soft $24.50 Squishable Sloth 15 Inch Stuffed Animals & Teddy Bear Plush Animal ToySquishable Sloth 15 Inch Stuffed Animals & Teddy Bear Plush Animal Toy $51.29
Stuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Lg G4/H815/H818/Wildlife AnimalsStuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Lg G4/H815/H818/Wildlife Animals $7.98 Stuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Lg K4/K120/K121/K130/Wildlif e AnimalsStuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Lg K4/K120/K121/K130/Wildlif e Animals $7.98
Lost Gods Sloth City Slicker Mens Graphic T ShirtLost Gods Sloth City Slicker Mens Graphic T Shirt $21.00 New 1 oz Copper Round The Ice Age "Giant Sloth" #66New 1 oz Copper Round The Ice Age "Giant Sloth" #66 $2.00
Always Be Yourself Sloth Mens T ShirtAlways Be Yourself Sloth Mens T Shirt $14.95 to $18.95 Kitchen Bath Bathroom Shower Floor Home Door Mat Rug Non-Slip lovely slothKitchen Bath Bathroom Shower Floor Home Door Mat Rug Non-Slip lovely sloth $0.99
Zootopia Flash The Sloth Plush 14" Zootopia Disney Store Patch On Foot NwtZootopia Flash The Sloth Plush 14" Zootopia Disney Store Patch On Foot Nwt $25.00 Black And White Animal Linen Cotton Pillowcase Cover Square Back Cushion DecorBlack And White Animal Linen Cotton Pillowcase Cover Square Back Cushion Decor $4.77 Was: Previous Price $5.02
Stuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Huawei Ascend Mate2 4G/Wildlife AnimalsStuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Huawei Ascend Mate2 4G/Wildlife Animals $7.98 Keep Calm and Go Slow Sid The Sloth T-shirt P459Keep Calm and Go Slow Sid The Sloth T-shirt P459 $15.99
Dreamworks The Croods Belt The Sloth 6.5" Plush Makes SoundsDreamworks The Croods Belt The Sloth 6.5" Plush Makes Sounds $12.99 Sugar Loaf 2017 Easter Gray Sloth Soft Cuddly Kellytoy PlushSugar Loaf 2017 Easter Gray Sloth Soft Cuddly Kellytoy Plush $18.50
New American Girl of the Year Lea's Three-Toed Sloth In Hand~Immediate Free ShipNew American Girl of the Year Lea's Three-Toed Sloth In Hand~Immediate Free Ship $31.90 Sloth Watercolor Round Wood Id Tag Luggage Card Suitcase Carry-OnSloth Watercolor Round Wood Id Tag Luggage Card Suitcase Carry-On $4.99
The Goonies Movie Pirate Treasure Map Chunk Sloth Print Truffle Shuffle Gift ArtThe Goonies Movie Pirate Treasure Map Chunk Sloth Print Truffle Shuffle Gift Art $7.98 Zombie Sloth Funny Animal Zombie Cartoon Fits iPhone 6+ Snap On Case Cover NewZombie Sloth Funny Animal Zombie Cartoon Fits iPhone 6+ Snap On Case Cover New $9.99
Women's Sloth Running Team Blue Heather Racerback VestWomen's Sloth Running Team Blue Heather Racerback Vest $16.20 Monster High Jane Boolittle With Pet Sloth Diary Purse StaffMonster High Jane Boolittle With Pet Sloth Diary Purse Staff $16.95
Antique Cdv ~ Ganeshi Lal ~ Agra India ~ Dancing Sloth Bears & HandlersAntique Cdv ~ Ganeshi Lal ~ Agra India ~ Dancing Sloth Bears & Handlers $25.54 The Mountain Unisex Child Sloth Exotic Animal T ShirtThe Mountain Unisex Child Sloth Exotic Animal T Shirt $18.89 to $26.99
Loz Diamond Nano Micro Building Blocks Diy Toys Finding Nemo Anime dollsLoz Diamond Nano Micro Building Blocks Diy Toys Finding Nemo Anime dolls $6.99 to $39.99 3D Mosaics Creative Puzzles Animals Arts Craft Stickers for Kids Educational Pop3D Mosaics Creative Puzzles Animals Arts Craft Stickers for Kids Educational Pop $1.78 Was: Previous Price $1.89
Vanquishing the Demon of Sloth The Smyth Family Defender Series Book OneVanquishing the Demon of Sloth The Smyth Family Defender Series Book One $14.44 Ambesonne Art Decor Collection, Sloth Showering Shadow Fun Animal Picture Print,Ambesonne Art Decor Collection, Sloth Showering Shadow Fun Animal Picture Print, $28.78
2017 Easter sloth Black Plush Sugarloaf Kellytoy w/tag2017 Easter sloth Black Plush Sugarloaf Kellytoy w/tag $14.99 Sparky! the Sloth by Jenny Offill (2014) New children's picture book animals HbSparky! the Sloth by Jenny Offill (2014) New children's picture book animals Hb $17.99
Vtg Sloth'S Birthday Party Diane Redfield Massie ~ 1976 Xerox / Weekly Reader HcVtg Sloth'S Birthday Party Diane Redfield Massie ~ 1976 Xerox / Weekly Reader Hc $19.99 Hanging Baby Sloth Planter, Succulent Planter, Air Planter Many ColorsHanging Baby Sloth Planter, Succulent Planter, Air Planter Many Colors $9.99 to $21.99
Pez - Ice Age 2 -Sid the Sloth - 4.9 Hungary - loosePez - Ice Age 2 -Sid the Sloth - 4.9 Hungary - loose $3.00 Retired Ty Beanie Baby Sloth Slowpoke Plush Stuffed Animal New Nwt 1999Retired Ty Beanie Baby Sloth Slowpoke Plush Stuffed Animal New Nwt 1999 $13.99
Sloth by Gilbert Hernandez (paperback Arc)Sloth by Gilbert Hernandez (paperback Arc) $10.00 Stuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Htc Desire Eye Lte/Mono Zoo AnimalsStuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Htc Desire Eye Lte/Mono Zoo Animals $7.98
Dekoder Tuner Box Hdmi Hd Opticum Sloth Tnk Hd Smart Hd+ Seca Mediaguard Cyfra+Dekoder Tuner Box Hdmi Hd Opticum Sloth Tnk Hd Smart Hd+ Seca Mediaguard Cyfra+ $62.59 iPhone5s 6s 6plus 7plus Sloth Reading Vintage Skin Hard Phone CaseiPhone5s 6s 6plus 7plus Sloth Reading Vintage Skin Hard Phone Case $1.99
Wild Republic Cuddlekin Three Toed Sloth 12" Huggable Plush Stuffed Animal ToyWild Republic Cuddlekin Three Toed Sloth 12" Huggable Plush Stuffed Animal Toy $15.09 Original Collage Aceo Wildlife Sloth BearOriginal Collage Aceo Wildlife Sloth Bear $29.99
The Goonies Sloth Hey You Guys Wall Art Cardboard Cutout Looks great on any wallThe Goonies Sloth Hey You Guys Wall Art Cardboard Cutout Looks great on any wall $33.22 Spencer soft toy sloth sewing pattern by pcbanglesSpencer soft toy sloth sewing pattern by pcbangles $10.21
Sloth Anteater Armadillo Wild Animals M/S of 4 stampsSloth Anteater Armadillo Wild Animals M/S of 4 stamps $3.00 Lot of 10 JanSport Js00Tdn70L2 Big Student Multi Wet Sloth BackpacksLot of 10 JanSport Js00Tdn70L2 Big Student Multi Wet Sloth Backpacks $139.99
New Children's Rights in Africa by Julia Sloth-nielsen Hardcover Book Free ShippNew Children's Rights in Africa by Julia Sloth-nielsen Hardcover Book Free Shipp $196.86 The Abominable Iron Sloth: S/T St Self Titled Same Cd 2006 Goodfellow Rec Gfr041The Abominable Iron Sloth: S/T St Self Titled Same Cd 2006 Goodfellow Rec Gfr041 $8.95
Wild Republic Cuddlekin Three Toed Sloth 12" PlushWild Republic Cuddlekin Three Toed Sloth 12" Plush $15.05 Stuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Htc Desire 626/Wildlife AnimalsStuff4 Back Case/Cover/Skin for Htc Desire 626/Wildlife Animals $7.98
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Prices current as of last update, 04/22/17 7:07am.

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