Chinstrap Penguin
Discover great deals on the many hard to find and one of a kind items available only on ebay!

Penguin

Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are an order of flightless birds living in the southern hemisphere. more...

more...

Species and habitats

There are 17 or 18 known species worldwide, depending on whether the two Eudyptula species are counted as distinct. more...

HomeHome
AmphibianAmphibian
ArthropodArthropod
BirdBird
Blue JayBlue Jay
CardinalCardinal
DoveDove
FinchFinch
OstrichOstrich
PelicanPelican
PenguinPenguin
PigeonPigeon
CatCat
DinosaurDinosaur
DogDog
FishFish
MammalMammal
MythologicalMythological
ReptileReptile


Although all penguin species are native to the southern hemisphere, they are not, contrary to popular belief, found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin actually live so far south. Three species live in the tropics; one lives as far north as the Galápagos Islands and will occasionally cross the equator while feeding.

The largest species is the Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri): adults average about 1.1 meters (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kilograms (75 lb) or more. The smallest penguin species is the Little Blue Penguin (also known as the Fairy Penguin), which stands around 40 cm tall (16 in) and weighs 1 kilogram (2.2 lb). Generally larger penguins retain heat better, and thus inhabit colder regions, while smaller penguins are found in temperate or even tropical climates.

Penguins are gregarious. Most feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend half of their life on land and half in the oceans.

When it comes to the gender ratio between male and female penguins in the wild, there are usually far more female penguins than males. Scientists speculate that this is because the male must endure the harshest role in the caretaking of a couple's egg. While the female takes a dangerous journey to eat, as well as store food in her body for the baby, the male must keep the egg warm and endure the extremely harsh climate, unable to eat for up to four months. When the female eventually returns,the male will have lost half his body weight. After the female returns and takes care of the egg, the male must now go off to find food, as he will be on the brink of starvation. Being weakened by the lack of food, many of the males will not return to see their families again.

Due to the gender ratio, penguins are one of the few species on the planet whose females fight over single males during mating season, due to the comparatively low number of male penguins.

One of the most baffling forms of behaviorof the penguin comes when a mother loses her chick, either due to its being unable to endure its first storm, or due to other reasons such as predators. When a mother loses its chick, they have been known to actually attempt to steal another mother's living chick- presumably in order to deal with the grief of the loss. This behavior has amazed scientists, as it is an emotional outburst opposed to an instinctual behavior; something many animals do not exhibit when losing their young. Many have used this as prime evidence for decades that many animals have near human-like emotions and feelings, often for the sake of animal rights.

Evolution

Penguins are actually very old birds. The oldest fossils of penguins emerged in the Eocene era more than 40 million years ago. However these fossils proved that prehistoric penguins were already flightless and seagoing, so their origins may go as far back as 65 million years ago

Anatomy

Penguins are superbly adapted to an aquatic life. Their wings have become flippers, useless for flight in the air. In the water, however, penguins are astonishingly agile. Within the smooth plumage a layer of air is preserved, ensuring buoyancy. The air layer also helps insulate the bird in the icy waters of the Antarctic. The plumage of penguins in tropical and temperate zones is much thinner.

On land, penguins use their tails and wings to maintain balance for their upright stance.

All penguins have a white underside and a dark (mostly black) upperside. This is for camouflage. A predator looking up from below (such as an orca or a leopard seal) has difficulty distinguishing between a white penguin belly and the reflective water surface.

Diving penguins reach 6 to 12 km/h, though there are reports of velocities of 27 km/h (which are probably realistic in the case of startled flight). The small penguins do not usually dive deep; they catch their prey near the surface in dives that normally last only one or two minutes. Larger penguins can dive deep in case of need. The Emperor Penguin has been recorded reaching a depth of 875 feet (270 metres) and staying submerged for 18 minutes.

On land, penguins are clumsy. They either waddle on their feet or slide on their bellies across the snow, a movement called "tobogganing", which allows them to conserve energy and move relatively fast at the same time.

Penguins have an excellent sense of hearing. Their eyes are adapted for underwater vision, and are their primary means of locating prey and avoiding predators; in air, conversely, they are nearsighted. Their sense of smell has not been researched so far.

They are able to drink salt water safely, because a gland near their eyes filters excess salt from the bloodstream. The salt is excreted in a concentrated fluid from the nasal passages.

Penguins have no external genitalia. Consequently, chromosome testing must be done in order to determine a penguin's sex.

Mating Habits

Most penguins mate for life. They generally raise a small brood, and the parents cooperate in caring for the clutch and for the young.

Gallery

Read more at Wikipedia.org


[List your site here Free!]

Green Vaseline glass Artie Penguin uranium yellow bird figurine animal neon glowGreen Vaseline glass Artie Penguin uranium yellow bird figurine animal neon glow $5.50 Bird Designs Stained Glass Pattern Book, Ducks, Owl, Penguin, Puffins, Eagle,…….Bird Designs Stained Glass Pattern Book, Ducks, Owl, Penguin, Puffins, Eagle,……. $11.95
Black Enamel Dazzle Crystal Penguin Bird BroochBlack Enamel Dazzle Crystal Penguin Bird Brooch $14.88 Silver Penguin Arctic Bird Charm PendantSilver Penguin Arctic Bird Charm Pendant
aqua Blue Vaseline glass Artie Penguin uranium bird figurine animal selenium artaqua Blue Vaseline glass Artie Penguin uranium bird figurine animal selenium art $9.50 Cute Holiday Penguin Pin Christmas BirdCute Holiday Penguin Pin Christmas Bird $10.00
Penguin the Magpie : The Odd Little Bird Who Saved a Family, Hardcover by BloomPenguin the Magpie : The Odd Little Bird Who Saved a Family, Hardcover by Bloom $1.29 Penguin - Bird - Emperor Penguin - Crafts - Embroidered Iron On Patch - LPenguin - Bird - Emperor Penguin - Crafts - Embroidered Iron On Patch - L $2.99
Baby Pink White Silver Penguin Bird Aquatic Animal Love Pendant Chain NecklaceBaby Pink White Silver Penguin Bird Aquatic Animal Love Pendant Chain Necklace $10.99 Penguin - Bird - Santa Hat - Christmas - Crafts - Embroidered Iron On PatchPenguin - Bird - Santa Hat - Christmas - Crafts - Embroidered Iron On Patch $3.45
Vintage Penguin Bird Orgy Coffee Mug Cup Vintage 1979 Brown Taylor & Ng JapanVintage Penguin Bird Orgy Coffee Mug Cup Vintage 1979 Brown Taylor & Ng Japan $24.95 Penguin Bird Lampwork Glass Large Hole Bead Charm fits European BraceletsPenguin Bird Lampwork Glass Large Hole Bead Charm fits European Bracelets $12.95
Silver Tone Black Crystal Clear Colored Rhinestones Penguin Bird Brooch PinSilver Tone Black Crystal Clear Colored Rhinestones Penguin Bird Brooch Pin $11.59 Penguin Charm Pendant Zoo Water Bird Animal solid 925 Sterling Silver 3DPenguin Charm Pendant Zoo Water Bird Animal solid 925 Sterling Silver 3D $11.99
Girl Penguin Applique Patch - Water Bird Badge 1.75" (Iron on)Girl Penguin Applique Patch - Water Bird Badge 1.75" (Iron on) $2.75 Vintage Art Glass Penguin Bird Statue 7" Tall (See Details)Vintage Art Glass Penguin Bird Statue 7" Tall (See Details) $74.95
$7.99 Vintage Art Glass Penguin FigureVintage Art Glass Penguin Figure $9.99
Safari Ltd Humboldt Penguin Animal Bird Figure 2010Safari Ltd Humboldt Penguin Animal Bird Figure 2010 $5.99 9" Cenedese Murano Art Glass Bird Figurine Italy By Alberto Toso Penguin9" Cenedese Murano Art Glass Bird Figurine Italy By Alberto Toso Penguin $89.55
Clear Acrylic Stamp Lot of 6 - Cute Animal Bird Penguin Fish Parrot - NewClear Acrylic Stamp Lot of 6 - Cute Animal Bird Penguin Fish Parrot - New $18.00 Penguin Applique Patch - Winter Bird Badge 2-1/8" (Iron on)Penguin Applique Patch - Winter Bird Badge 2-1/8" (Iron on) $2.75
Penguin Bird Nature Landscape Environment Hd PosterPenguin Bird Nature Landscape Environment Hd Poster $12.99 to Al Piombo Crystal Penguin - Italian Art Glass FigurineAl Piombo Crystal Penguin - Italian Art Glass Figurine $20.00
Penguin Post Earrings - 925 Sterling Silver - Arctic Bird Earring Studs NewPenguin Post Earrings - 925 Sterling Silver - Arctic Bird Earring Studs New $12.95 No/No Penguin Wild Bird FeederNo/No Penguin Wild Bird Feeder $16.48
Standing Penguin Chick Aquatic Bird Old World Christmas Glass Ornament Nwt 16102Standing Penguin Chick Aquatic Bird Old World Christmas Glass Ornament Nwt 16102 $9.35 Vintage Playskool Chime Penguin Bird Roly Poly Weeble Duck Baby Toddler Toy 5"Vintage Playskool Chime Penguin Bird Roly Poly Weeble Duck Baby Toddler Toy 5" $17.00
Vintage 40's penguin bird sterling charmVintage 40's penguin bird sterling charm $24.99 S'mores Penguin Friends Bird Resin Ornament NewS'mores Penguin Friends Bird Resin Ornament New $14.50
Artisan Green & Black Enamel Penguin Bird BroochArtisan Green & Black Enamel Penguin Bird Brooch $2.29 Eisenberg Ice Crystal Penguin Bird Brooch PinEisenberg Ice Crystal Penguin Bird Brooch Pin $18.00
Silver Crystal Penguin Bird Love Animal Arctic Pendant Necklace ChainSilver Crystal Penguin Bird Love Animal Arctic Pendant Necklace Chain $10.99 Midwest Of Cannon Falls Snowman Figurine Penguin Bird House 5” Jolly FolliesMidwest Of Cannon Falls Snowman Figurine Penguin Bird House 5” Jolly Follies $19.88
Tiffany & Co Rare Silver Penguin Bird Animal Pendant 18.25 Inch NecklaceTiffany & Co Rare Silver Penguin Bird Animal Pendant 18.25 Inch Necklace $398.00 Stainless Steel Dainty Mini Penguin bird heart charm silver Pendant NecklaceStainless Steel Dainty Mini Penguin bird heart charm silver Pendant Necklace $7.04
Penguin Necklace - Sterling Silver Bird Pendant Symbolizes Purpose Drive AgilityPenguin Necklace - Sterling Silver Bird Pendant Symbolizes Purpose Drive Agility $25.49 Vintage Bitossi Penguin Bird Art Pottery Italian ceramics No Marks RepairedVintage Bitossi Penguin Bird Art Pottery Italian ceramics No Marks Repaired $249.99
Penguin Bird Miniature Glass Crystal Figurine Gold AccentsPenguin Bird Miniature Glass Crystal Figurine Gold Accents $24.95 Penguin - Emperor Penguin - Bird - Embroidered Iron On Applique Patch - LPenguin - Emperor Penguin - Bird - Embroidered Iron On Applique Patch - L $3.69
Penguin - Bird - Emperor - Embroidered Iron On Applique Patch - RPenguin - Bird - Emperor - Embroidered Iron On Applique Patch - R $2.99 Vintage (Penguin - Bird) Blue Enamel & Cut Blue Glass Ocean Theme Brooch PinVintage (Penguin - Bird) Blue Enamel & Cut Blue Glass Ocean Theme Brooch Pin $9.99
Vintage Usa California Pottery Ceramic Turquoise Penguin Bird FigureVintage Usa California Pottery Ceramic Turquoise Penguin Bird Figure $24.00 Emperor Penguin With Chick Old World Christmas Glass Bird Ornament Nwt 16058Emperor Penguin With Chick Old World Christmas Glass Bird Ornament Nwt 16058 $8.63
Black Silver Penguin Bird Aquatic Animal Love Pendant Chain Necklace CrystalBlack Silver Penguin Bird Aquatic Animal Love Pendant Chain Necklace Crystal $10.99
Click to see more Penguin items at www.ebay.com
Prices current as of last update, 01/16/21 11:21am.

Home Contact Resources Exchange Links eBay