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Newfoundland

Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. more...

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The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497, which would make it the oldest European name in North America. The province where this island is located was also called Newfoundland up until 2001, when its name was changed to Newfoundland and Labrador (the postal abbreviation was simultaneously changed from NF to NL).

Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world's largest estuary. Newfoundland's nearest neighbour is the small French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

It is 111,390 km2 in area, making it the world's 15th largest island. The provincial capital, St. John's, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is Canada's easternmost point. The island of Newfoundland has an approximate population of 485,000.

Newfoundland is pronounced by Newfoundlanders as new-fin-land or new-fun-land and take exception to it being pronounced with the last syllable slurred, (as new-found-l'nd). Newfoundland has a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English, a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French and a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish.

First inhabitants

Newfoundland was first inhabited by the Maritime Archaic aboriginal culture around 2500BC-1200BC. This group disappeared and was later replaced by Groswater Paleoeskimos from around 800BC-AD100, Dorset tradition Paleoeskimos from around AD1-AD800, and recent Natives around AD1-AD1700. The exact reason for the disappearances of several of these cultures is unknown, but food scarcity is suspected as a reason.

The recent natives on Newfoundland were the probable ancestors of the historical Beothuk inhabitants at the time of European contact. Beothuk means "people" in the Beothuk language. The origins of the Beothuks are uncertain, but it appears that they were an native group that came from Labrador. The culture is now extinct, remembered only in museum, historical and archaeological records. Shanawdithit, the last known Beothuk (a woman), died in St. John's in 1829.

It is likely that the natives described by the Vikings as skraelings were Beothuk inhabitants of Labrador and Newfoundland. The first conflicts between Europeans and native peoples may have occurred around 1006 at L'Anse aux Meadows when parties of Norsemen attempted to establish permanent settlements along the coast of Newfoundland. According to Norse sagas, the native Beothuk (called skraelings or skraelingars by the Norse) responded so ferociously that the newcomers eventually withdrew and apparently gave up their original intentions to settle.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Newfoundland Dog Figurine Statue Hand Painted Resin Gift Pet LoversNewfoundland Dog Figurine Statue Hand Painted Resin Gift Pet Lovers $16.74 Canada Newfoundland Feb 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/35 censor cover St Anthony to NyCanada Newfoundland Feb 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/35 censor cover St Anthony to Ny $7.00
Newfoundland #54 5c Dark Blue Seal 1887 Cents Issue Hard Horiz Wove F-65 UsedNewfoundland #54 5c Dark Blue Seal 1887 Cents Issue Hard Horiz Wove F-65 Used $3.67 B004F895Yu Gospel Anchors Aweigh! Adventist Beginnings in NewfoundlandB004F895Yu Gospel Anchors Aweigh! Adventist Beginnings in Newfoundland $3.85
5" X 10" Love Is Being Owned By A Newfoundland Wood Plaque Dog Lover Sign Gift5" X 10" Love Is Being Owned By A Newfoundland Wood Plaque Dog Lover Sign Gift $12.95 Canada Newfoundland Mar 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/32 censor cover Grand Falls to NyCanada Newfoundland Mar 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/32 censor cover Grand Falls to Ny $7.00
1912 Canada Newfoundland 20 Cents Silver Coin Gorgeous High Grade Silver Coin1912 Canada Newfoundland 20 Cents Silver Coin Gorgeous High Grade Silver Coin $9.99 Death on the Ice: The Great Newfoundland Sealing Disaster of 1914Death on the Ice: The Great Newfoundland Sealing Disaster of 1914 $3.99
Kappysstamps Id7357 Nfld Newfoundland 31Pi Mint Proof HingedKappysstamps Id7357 Nfld Newfoundland 31Pi Mint Proof Hinged $45.89 Newfoundland dog Hand Painted Leather Eyeglass Sunglass Case veganNewfoundland dog Hand Painted Leather Eyeglass Sunglass Case vegan $30.00
1866 Newfoundland 1 cent Stamp unused1866 Newfoundland 1 cent Stamp unused $26.66 Newfoundland Stamp Cover 2006 Year Of The Dog dNewfoundland Stamp Cover 2006 Year Of The Dog d $4.24
A History of Newfoundland, from the English, Colonial, and Foreign Records (HardA History of Newfoundland, from the English, Colonial, and Foreign Records (Hard $43.21 List price:  Previous Price $50.34 Paquebot Newfoundland Canada to Us M/S K.C. Rogenaes Norway stamp coverPaquebot Newfoundland Canada to Us M/S K.C. Rogenaes Norway stamp cover $0.99
Haunted Shores: True Ghost Stories of Newfoundland and Labrador by Dale JarvisHaunted Shores: True Ghost Stories of Newfoundland and Labrador by Dale Jarvis $26.15 Canada Newfoundland Wwii Pc90 Dc/35 censor cover Mrs Jorgensen Buchans to NyCanada Newfoundland Wwii Pc90 Dc/35 censor cover Mrs Jorgensen Buchans to Ny $7.00
Vtg 80's Newfoundland Gros Monre National Park 50/50 Purple T Shirt L/XlVtg 80's Newfoundland Gros Monre National Park 50/50 Purple T Shirt L/Xl $12.99 *1992 Newfoundland*, Coin Mart Graded Canadian, 25 Cent, *Pf-67 Uhc Silver**1992 Newfoundland*, Coin Mart Graded Canadian, 25 Cent, *Pf-67 Uhc Silver* $11.46
Excursions in and about Newfoundland, Vol. 1 of 2: During the Years 1839 and 184Excursions in and about Newfoundland, Vol. 1 of 2: During the Years 1839 and 184 $19.20 List price:  Previous Price $23.04 Maritime And Newfoundland Airways Vf Unused No Gum (Mor14Maritime And Newfoundland Airways Vf Unused No Gum (Mor14 $30.55
B005Ep2Afo Theatre of Fish: Travels Through Newfoundland and LabradorB005Ep2Afo Theatre of Fish: Travels Through Newfoundland and Labrador $3.85 Newfoundland Airmail Vimy Vickers Essay Proof Vf No Gum (Mor14Newfoundland Airmail Vimy Vickers Essay Proof Vf No Gum (Mor14 $91.66
Canada Newfoundland May 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/37 censor cover Harbour Grace to NyCanada Newfoundland May 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/37 censor cover Harbour Grace to Ny $7.00 Newfoundland Stock All Flawed! $97+ Total C.V.! See Scans #Ak100Newfoundland Stock All Flawed! $97+ Total C.V.! See Scans #Ak100 $9.00
Antique original cast iron green Newfoundland dog still Bank - Arcade, Williams?Antique original cast iron green Newfoundland dog still Bank - Arcade, Williams? $46.00 Newfoundland #48 2c red orange Mvlh Og Well Centered 1876-1879 FineNewfoundland #48 2c red orange Mvlh Og Well Centered 1876-1879 Fine $7.64
Newfoundland, Lanseer Personalized Pet License PlateNewfoundland, Lanseer Personalized Pet License Plate $19.95 Newfoundland Coin Type Collection folder Whitman no. 9088Newfoundland Coin Type Collection folder Whitman no. 9088 $3.82
Newfoundland #54 5c Dark Blue Seal 1887 Cents Issue Soft Vert Wove F-70 UsedNewfoundland #54 5c Dark Blue Seal 1887 Cents Issue Soft Vert Wove F-70 Used $4.89 Newfoundland Airmail C9 Vf Mnh One Watermarked (Mor14Newfoundland Airmail C9 Vf Mnh One Watermarked (Mor14 $22.91
Canada Newfoundland Oct 1944 Wwii no censor cover Grand Falls to NyCanada Newfoundland Oct 1944 Wwii no censor cover Grand Falls to Ny $7.00 Newfoundland Beach Watercolor 8 x 10 Art Print Signed by Artsit DjrNewfoundland Beach Watercolor 8 x 10 Art Print Signed by Artsit Djr $19.50
Canada Newfoundland Feb 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/25 censor cover Carm. W? to NyCanada Newfoundland Feb 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/25 censor cover Carm. W? to Ny $6.00 1846 Newfoundland Rutherford Bros Half Penny Token Br#953 - Vf Original Surfaces1846 Newfoundland Rutherford Bros Half Penny Token Br#953 - Vf Original Surfaces $165.00
Servants of the Fish: A Portrait of Newfoundland After the Great Cod Collapse (HServants of the Fish: A Portrait of Newfoundland After the Great Cod Collapse (H $19.88 List price:  Previous Price $23.86 1897 Newfoundland 8 and 10 cent Stamps unused1897 Newfoundland 8 and 10 cent Stamps unused $35.08
Newfoundland Airmail C7 Vf Mnh Block (Mor14Newfoundland Airmail C7 Vf Mnh Block (Mor14 $137.49 1865 Newfoundland Twenty Cent Coin Iccs Graded Vf-201865 Newfoundland Twenty Cent Coin Iccs Graded Vf-20 $194.79
Newfoundland Airmail C13a Imperf Pair Vf Mnh (Mor14Newfoundland Airmail C13a Imperf Pair Vf Mnh (Mor14 $229.16 Newfoundland #54 5c Indigo Seal 1887 Cents Issue Soft Vertical Wove Vf-75 UsedNewfoundland #54 5c Indigo Seal 1887 Cents Issue Soft Vertical Wove Vf-75 Used $7.33
Canada Newfoundland Jul 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/43 censor cover Bishop Falls to NyCanada Newfoundland Jul 1944 Wwii Pc90 Dc/43 censor cover Bishop Falls to Ny $7.00 Canada Newfoundland 1908 50 Cents Iccs Certified Vf-30 Silver King Edward ViiCanada Newfoundland 1908 50 Cents Iccs Certified Vf-30 Silver King Edward Vii $34.37
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1898 Nfld Newfoundland Silver 50 Cents In Great Condition !1898 Nfld Newfoundland Silver 50 Cents In Great Condition ! $128.32 1943 Canada Newfoundland silver 10 Cents Superb patina Low mintage Au+1943 Canada Newfoundland silver 10 Cents Superb patina Low mintage Au+ $39.99
The Blissful Dog Newfoundland Relax Dog Aromatherapy For Nervous NewfiesThe Blissful Dog Newfoundland Relax Dog Aromatherapy For Nervous Newfies $13.95 to $22.95
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