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Newfoundland

Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. more...

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The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497, which would make it the oldest European name in North America. The province where this island is located was also called Newfoundland up until 2001, when its name was changed to Newfoundland and Labrador (the postal abbreviation was simultaneously changed from NF to NL).

Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world's largest estuary. Newfoundland's nearest neighbour is the small French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

It is 111,390 km2 in area, making it the world's 15th largest island. The provincial capital, St. John's, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is Canada's easternmost point. The island of Newfoundland has an approximate population of 485,000.

Newfoundland is pronounced by Newfoundlanders as new-fin-land or new-fun-land and take exception to it being pronounced with the last syllable slurred, (as new-found-l'nd). Newfoundland has a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English, a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French and a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish.

First inhabitants

Newfoundland was first inhabited by the Maritime Archaic aboriginal culture around 2500BC-1200BC. This group disappeared and was later replaced by Groswater Paleoeskimos from around 800BC-AD100, Dorset tradition Paleoeskimos from around AD1-AD800, and recent Natives around AD1-AD1700. The exact reason for the disappearances of several of these cultures is unknown, but food scarcity is suspected as a reason.

The recent natives on Newfoundland were the probable ancestors of the historical Beothuk inhabitants at the time of European contact. Beothuk means "people" in the Beothuk language. The origins of the Beothuks are uncertain, but it appears that they were an native group that came from Labrador. The culture is now extinct, remembered only in museum, historical and archaeological records. Shanawdithit, the last known Beothuk (a woman), died in St. John's in 1829.

It is likely that the natives described by the Vikings as skraelings were Beothuk inhabitants of Labrador and Newfoundland. The first conflicts between Europeans and native peoples may have occurred around 1006 at L'Anse aux Meadows when parties of Norsemen attempted to establish permanent settlements along the coast of Newfoundland. According to Norse sagas, the native Beothuk (called skraelings or skraelingars by the Norse) responded so ferociously that the newcomers eventually withdrew and apparently gave up their original intentions to settle.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Newfoundland 'Mbf' Strip Of 10 Mint Dog Stamps 5Newfoundland 'Mbf' Strip Of 10 Mint Dog Stamps 5 $4.55 Newfoundland 2006 C/I Year Of The Dog Stamp Cover 13Newfoundland 2006 C/I Year Of The Dog Stamp Cover 13 $3.41
Newfoundland 1931 195/7( Wmk Sideways) Mint Cat £110Newfoundland 1931 195/7( Wmk Sideways) Mint Cat £110 $72.55 Newfoundland 1920 Sg147 Mint Cat £17Newfoundland 1920 Sg147 Mint Cat £17 $11.99
1976 Canadian National Newfoundland South Coast Ferry Service Timetable1976 Canadian National Newfoundland South Coast Ferry Service Timetable $12.00 Newfoundland Cigarette Importation stamp - cancelled - 1945 - w / control # !Newfoundland Cigarette Importation stamp - cancelled - 1945 - w / control # ! $2.99
1904 Newfoundland Large Cent Vf or better A7981904 Newfoundland Large Cent Vf or better A798 $18.45 The Mounties: A Newfoundland and Labrador History-ExLibraryThe Mounties: A Newfoundland and Labrador History-ExLibrary $22.73
Newfoundland Newfie Dog Toy Soldier Nutcracker Christmas OrnamentNewfoundland Newfie Dog Toy Soldier Nutcracker Christmas Ornament $12.99 Canadian Coast Guard Ship Brigus Harbour Newfoundland Photo Card Pc106(3)Canadian Coast Guard Ship Brigus Harbour Newfoundland Photo Card Pc106(3) $1.32
Canada and Newfoundland Wartime Ration Books and CouponsCanada and Newfoundland Wartime Ration Books and Coupons $56.00 1976 Canadian National Newfoundland North Coast Labrador Ferry Service Timetable1976 Canadian National Newfoundland North Coast Labrador Ferry Service Timetable $12.00
1938 Newfoundland 1 cent coin1938 Newfoundland 1 cent coin $1.75 vintage 3 Newfoundland Labrador Highway Enforcement Inspector Badgesvintage 3 Newfoundland Labrador Highway Enforcement Inspector Badges $225.95
Newfoundland Year Of The Dog Souvenir Stamp Cover 3Newfoundland Year Of The Dog Souvenir Stamp Cover 3 $3.41 Canada Newfoundland 1941 Kgvi Silver 10 Cents. Ms 60 - Ms 61 !Canada Newfoundland 1941 Kgvi Silver 10 Cents. Ms 60 - Ms 61 ! $44.44
Canada Newfoundland 1940 Ef 40, 1943 Ef 45, 1947 Au 53, Kgvi Silver 10 Cents X3Canada Newfoundland 1940 Ef 40, 1943 Ef 45, 1947 Au 53, Kgvi Silver 10 Cents X3 $44.44 Canada Newfoundland 1900 Qv Silver 20 Cents, Scarce Type, Choice Vf+ !Canada Newfoundland 1900 Qv Silver 20 Cents, Scarce Type, Choice Vf+ ! $21.84
Canada Newfoundland 1937 Add'l Coronation 3c p13½ Die I Sg258c MmCanada Newfoundland 1937 Add'l Coronation 3c p13½ Die I Sg258c Mm $8.82 Newfoundland 1919 Sg130/41 Mint Cat £160Newfoundland 1919 Sg130/41 Mint Cat £160 $113.55
Seaw-Ga010C069400-Garmin Vca008R - Newfoundland West - Sd CardSeaw-Ga010C069400-Garmin Vca008R - Newfoundland West - Sd Card $321.42 Newfoundland 1937 Sg257/67 Fine Used Cat £60Newfoundland 1937 Sg257/67 Fine Used Cat £60 $41.01
Newfoundland 1932 209/20 Mnh Cat £80Newfoundland 1932 209/20 Mnh Cat £80 $126.17 Newfoundland 1939-49 D1/6 Fine Used Cat £150Newfoundland 1939-49 D1/6 Fine Used Cat £150 $94.63
Canada Newfoundland 1917 Kgv Silver 50 Cents, Reverse Au,Very Choice Ef+!Canada Newfoundland 1917 Kgv Silver 50 Cents, Reverse Au,Very Choice Ef+! $44.44 Newfoundland 1941-44 276/89 Used Cat £110Newfoundland 1941-44 276/89 Used Cat £110 $75.70
1950 Cities Service Oil Road Map Quebec Canada Montreal Nova Scotia Newfoundland1950 Cities Service Oil Road Map Quebec Canada Montreal Nova Scotia Newfoundland $7.99 Newfoundland Stamp Cover 2006 Year Of The Dog dNewfoundland Stamp Cover 2006 Year Of The Dog d $3.41
Canadian National 1971 Nova Scotia To Newfoundland Passenger-Auto ServicesCanadian National 1971 Nova Scotia To Newfoundland Passenger-Auto Services $12.00 Personalized Newfoundland Dog Pet Memorial 12x6 Granite Headstone Grave MarkerPersonalized Newfoundland Dog Pet Memorial 12x6 Granite Headstone Grave Marker $69.95
Canada Newfoundland 1938 Silver 10 Cents, Rare-Date, Select Ef!Canada Newfoundland 1938 Silver 10 Cents, Rare-Date, Select Ef! $21.84 Pan American Flight- 1946 "Newfoundland To Vienna " CoverPan American Flight- 1946 "Newfoundland To Vienna " Cover $3.77
Mills,Alan-Folk Songs Of Newfoundland Cd NewMills,Alan-Folk Songs Of Newfoundland Cd New $19.70 Poster, Many Sizes; Maps Bermuda Iceland And Newfoundland 1694Poster, Many Sizes; Maps Bermuda Iceland And Newfoundland 1694 $31.95 to $249.00
1978 Amthor Fire Truck Brochure Newfoundland Oak Ridge f63-Qp1C2G1978 Amthor Fire Truck Brochure Newfoundland Oak Ridge f63-Qp1C2G $7.59 Was: Previous Price $9.99 1903 Newfoundland 10 cents A7801903 Newfoundland 10 cents A780 $6.03
Canada Newfoundland 1939-49 Postage Due set plus perf var Mm Sgd1/6a+ cat £116Canada Newfoundland 1939-49 Postage Due set plus perf var Mm Sgd1/6a+ cat £116 $29.01 B33025 Quidi Vidi Newfoundland canadaB33025 Quidi Vidi Newfoundland canada $3.15
Canada Newfoundland 1904 Ke Silver 50 Cents. Scarce Type. Ef40+ !Canada Newfoundland 1904 Ke Silver 50 Cents. Scarce Type. Ef40+ ! $59.50
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