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Newfoundland

Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. more...

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The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497, which would make it the oldest European name in North America. The province where this island is located was also called Newfoundland up until 2001, when its name was changed to Newfoundland and Labrador (the postal abbreviation was simultaneously changed from NF to NL).

Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world's largest estuary. Newfoundland's nearest neighbour is the small French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

It is 111,390 km2 in area, making it the world's 15th largest island. The provincial capital, St. John's, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is Canada's easternmost point. The island of Newfoundland has an approximate population of 485,000.

Newfoundland is pronounced by Newfoundlanders as new-fin-land or new-fun-land and take exception to it being pronounced with the last syllable slurred, (as new-found-l'nd). Newfoundland has a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English, a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French and a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish.

First inhabitants

Newfoundland was first inhabited by the Maritime Archaic aboriginal culture around 2500BC-1200BC. This group disappeared and was later replaced by Groswater Paleoeskimos from around 800BC-AD100, Dorset tradition Paleoeskimos from around AD1-AD800, and recent Natives around AD1-AD1700. The exact reason for the disappearances of several of these cultures is unknown, but food scarcity is suspected as a reason.

The recent natives on Newfoundland were the probable ancestors of the historical Beothuk inhabitants at the time of European contact. Beothuk means "people" in the Beothuk language. The origins of the Beothuks are uncertain, but it appears that they were an native group that came from Labrador. The culture is now extinct, remembered only in museum, historical and archaeological records. Shanawdithit, the last known Beothuk (a woman), died in St. John's in 1829.

It is likely that the natives described by the Vikings as skraelings were Beothuk inhabitants of Labrador and Newfoundland. The first conflicts between Europeans and native peoples may have occurred around 1006 at L'Anse aux Meadows when parties of Norsemen attempted to establish permanent settlements along the coast of Newfoundland. According to Norse sagas, the native Beothuk (called skraelings or skraelingars by the Norse) responded so ferociously that the newcomers eventually withdrew and apparently gave up their original intentions to settle.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Canada Newfoundland. Mnh, Mm & Unused Lot of StampsCanada Newfoundland. Mnh, Mm & Unused Lot of Stamps $47.53 Newfoundland Customs Duty Stamp Mint Never HingedNewfoundland Customs Duty Stamp Mint Never Hinged $3.90
Newfoundland Sign – I Love My 5×10Newfoundland Sign – I Love My 5×10 $11.00 Canada 1894 Obv. 2 Newfoundland 20 cent silverCanada 1894 Obv. 2 Newfoundland 20 cent silver $31.18
1930s Matchbook Green's Bar & Grill Newfoundland Pa Wayne Co Pennsylvania1930s Matchbook Green's Bar & Grill Newfoundland Pa Wayne Co Pennsylvania $5.94 1929 Nfld Newfoundland Silver 5 Cents1929 Nfld Newfoundland Silver 5 Cents $5.46
Newfoundland # 233-243 "Long Coronation Issue " Set of 11 Mint HingedNewfoundland # 233-243 "Long Coronation Issue " Set of 11 Mint Hinged $17.94 Canuck Canadian Vintage Pottery Drip Glaze Creamer Brown & White NewfoundlandCanuck Canadian Vintage Pottery Drip Glaze Creamer Brown & White Newfoundland $20.00
Newfoundland & Labrador Canada Provincial Shape Flag Small Metal Necklace ChokerNewfoundland & Labrador Canada Provincial Shape Flag Small Metal Necklace Choker $5.99 1947-C 5 Cents New Foundland .800 Silver Very Low Mintage! Nice!1947-C 5 Cents New Foundland .800 Silver Very Low Mintage! Nice! $47.00
Newfoundland, Newfoundland Training Aaa Akc: Here's Exactly How to Train Your.Newfoundland, Newfoundland Training Aaa Akc: Here's Exactly How to Train Your. $15.33 Newfoundland Scott # 11a 3d Green 3p NewfoundlandNewfoundland Scott # 11a 3d Green 3p Newfoundland $59.00
Newfoundland Sign – I Love My Bone 3×10Newfoundland Sign – I Love My Bone 3×10 $11.00 Historic Newfoundland By Harold Hardwood & John de Visser 1986 Oxford PressHistoric Newfoundland By Harold Hardwood & John de Visser 1986 Oxford Press $8.39
1873 .50 Newfoundland - Very Rare Nnc Graded higher Quality1873 .50 Newfoundland - Very Rare Nnc Graded higher Quality $279.00 Antique Map-North America-Newfoundland-Cana da-Nova Scotia-Jacob Kuyper-1880Antique Map-North America-Newfoundland-Cana da-Nova Scotia-Jacob Kuyper-1880 $43.50
Newfoundland 1937 Strip Of Four Kgvi 1c Grey Mnh Sg 257 My Ref 1630Newfoundland 1937 Strip Of Four Kgvi 1c Grey Mnh Sg 257 My Ref 1630 $2.57 *1903*, Coin Mart Graded Newfoundland, 10 Cent, *Vg-10*Scratch*1903*, Coin Mart Graded Newfoundland, 10 Cent, *Vg-10*Scratch $15.61
Newfoundland 1897 Sg 66/79 Mint Cat £325Newfoundland 1897 Sg 66/79 Mint Cat £325 $244.25 1944-C 5 Cents New Foundland .800 Silver Fairly Low Mintage!1944-C 5 Cents New Foundland .800 Silver Fairly Low Mintage! $32.00
Canada 1917 Newfoundland 50 cent silver Half DollarCanada 1917 Newfoundland 50 cent silver Half Dollar $13.23 Canada 1896 Newfoundland 5 cent silver nickelCanada 1896 Newfoundland 5 cent silver nickel $19.47
*1896*, Coin Mart Graded Newfoundland, 10 Cent, *Vg-10**1896*, Coin Mart Graded Newfoundland, 10 Cent, *Vg-10* $12.49 Newfoundland License PlateNewfoundland License Plate $17.50
Newfoundland Sign – You Had me at Woof 5×10Newfoundland Sign – You Had me at Woof 5×10 $11.00 Old Canadian Coins Rare1894 Newfoundland Canada Twenty Cents Obv 2Old Canadian Coins Rare1894 Newfoundland Canada Twenty Cents Obv 2 $64.95
Photo Albums: Boating, Fishing and Hunting in Newfoundland and Labrador,.Photo Albums: Boating, Fishing and Hunting in Newfoundland and Labrador,. $15.98 Newfoundland Shot Glass Got Ta Get Me Moose B'Y!Newfoundland Shot Glass Got Ta Get Me Moose B'Y! $0.99
Newfoundland: 1880 Prince of Wales 1c. Sg 44 mintNewfoundland: 1880 Prince of Wales 1c. Sg 44 mint $7.92 1918 War Time Newfoundland Brigus - Canada Registration Board Certificate1918 War Time Newfoundland Brigus - Canada Registration Board Certificate $12.74 Was: Previous Price $14.99
1915 Large Map Dominion Of Canada East New Brunswick Nova Scotia Newfoundland1915 Large Map Dominion Of Canada East New Brunswick Nova Scotia Newfoundland $116.18 Moon Newfoundland & Labrador (Paperback or Softback)Moon Newfoundland & Labrador (Paperback or Softback) $12.68 List price: Previous Price $15.22
32 Canada Historical Flag 3X6Ft Canadian Red Ensign Newfoundland Red Blue Ensign32 Canada Historical Flag 3X6Ft Canadian Red Ensign Newfoundland Red Blue Ensign $15.00 Newfoundland - hat pin , lapel pin , tie tac , hatpinNewfoundland - hat pin , lapel pin , tie tac , hatpin $10.50
Newfoundland 1943 Block Of Four Mm 30c Carmine Sg 290 My Ref 1629Newfoundland 1943 Block Of Four Mm 30c Carmine Sg 290 My Ref 1629 $1.98 Newfoundland: A Comprehensive Guide to Owning and Caring for Your DogNewfoundland: A Comprehensive Guide to Owning and Caring for Your Dog $4.58
The Rock Observed: Studies in the Literature of NewfoundlandThe Rock Observed: Studies in the Literature of Newfoundland $16.93 Successful Moose Hunter 1985 Newfoundland Labrador Wildlife Division hunting.Successful Moose Hunter 1985 Newfoundland Labrador Wildlife Division hunting. $7.88
G6491 - Canada 1 Dollar 1949 Silver Newfoundland Ship Km#47 Vf+ ConditionG6491 - Canada 1 Dollar 1949 Silver Newfoundland Ship Km#47 Vf+ Condition $50.00 Canada 1890 Newfoundland 20 Cents SilverCanada 1890 Newfoundland 20 Cents Silver $23.38
Newfoundland: 1896 Prince of Wales 1c. Sg 63a usedNewfoundland: 1896 Prince of Wales 1c. Sg 63a used $3.96 The Story of Newfoundland by Birkenhead Frederick Edwin Smith Earl of (2015,.The Story of Newfoundland by Birkenhead Frederick Edwin Smith Earl of (2015,. $18.89
The Newfoundland: Companion Dog-Water DogThe Newfoundland: Companion Dog-Water Dog $3.98
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