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Newfoundland

Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. more...

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The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497, which would make it the oldest European name in North America. The province where this island is located was also called Newfoundland up until 2001, when its name was changed to Newfoundland and Labrador (the postal abbreviation was simultaneously changed from NF to NL).

Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world's largest estuary. Newfoundland's nearest neighbour is the small French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

It is 111,390 km2 in area, making it the world's 15th largest island. The provincial capital, St. John's, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is Canada's easternmost point. The island of Newfoundland has an approximate population of 485,000.

Newfoundland is pronounced by Newfoundlanders as new-fin-land or new-fun-land and take exception to it being pronounced with the last syllable slurred, (as new-found-l'nd). Newfoundland has a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English, a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French and a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish.

First inhabitants

Newfoundland was first inhabited by the Maritime Archaic aboriginal culture around 2500BC-1200BC. This group disappeared and was later replaced by Groswater Paleoeskimos from around 800BC-AD100, Dorset tradition Paleoeskimos from around AD1-AD800, and recent Natives around AD1-AD1700. The exact reason for the disappearances of several of these cultures is unknown, but food scarcity is suspected as a reason.

The recent natives on Newfoundland were the probable ancestors of the historical Beothuk inhabitants at the time of European contact. Beothuk means "people" in the Beothuk language. The origins of the Beothuks are uncertain, but it appears that they were an native group that came from Labrador. The culture is now extinct, remembered only in museum, historical and archaeological records. Shanawdithit, the last known Beothuk (a woman), died in St. John's in 1829.

It is likely that the natives described by the Vikings as skraelings were Beothuk inhabitants of Labrador and Newfoundland. The first conflicts between Europeans and native peoples may have occurred around 1006 at L'Anse aux Meadows when parties of Norsemen attempted to establish permanent settlements along the coast of Newfoundland. According to Norse sagas, the native Beothuk (called skraelings or skraelingars by the Norse) responded so ferociously that the newcomers eventually withdrew and apparently gave up their original intentions to settle.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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1917 Newfoundland 25 cent piece and Newfoundland decal/sticker1917 Newfoundland 25 cent piece and Newfoundland decal/sticker $4.76 A Boy from Botwood : Pte. A. V. Manuel, Royal Newfoundland Regiment,.A Boy from Botwood : Pte. A. V. Manuel, Royal Newfoundland Regiment,. $16.53 List price: Previous Price $22.99
Battle of the Somme, 1st Newfoundland Regiment, Canadians, World War I, MilitaryBattle of the Somme, 1st Newfoundland Regiment, Canadians, World War I, Military $25.40 Newfoundland 1888 20 Cents Queen Victoria Sterling Silver Canadian CoinNewfoundland 1888 20 Cents Queen Victoria Sterling Silver Canadian Coin $8.73
Newfoundland 1898 Small W 50 Cents Queen Victoria Sterling Silver Canadian CoinNewfoundland 1898 Small W 50 Cents Queen Victoria Sterling Silver Canadian Coin $27.78 Newfoundland and Labrador Coat of Arms Wall Clock - Tabard SurcoatNewfoundland and Labrador Coat of Arms Wall Clock - Tabard Surcoat $19.84
Canada Newfoundland 1909 Cent Gem Perfect Rare This GoodCanada Newfoundland 1909 Cent Gem Perfect Rare This Good $234.22 Newfoundland Dog Oil Painting by Val WarnerNewfoundland Dog Oil Painting by Val Warner $169.00
50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail,Twillingate Newfoundland, Major Malott(K2426)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail,Twillingate Newfoundland, Major Malott(K2426) $4.76 Kappysstamps M2232 Canada Newfoundland Scott # 80 Mint Never Hinged Catalog =$12Kappysstamps M2232 Canada Newfoundland Scott # 80 Mint Never Hinged Catalog =$12 $2.99
1912, 1929, 1945 Newfoundland Silver 5 Cents - Lot Sf71912, 1929, 1945 Newfoundland Silver 5 Cents - Lot Sf7 $14.40 Was: Previous Price $18.00 1882H, 1894, 1899, 1912 Newfoundland Silver 20 Cents - Lot Sf101882H, 1894, 1899, 1912 Newfoundland Silver 20 Cents - Lot Sf10 $47.20 Was: Previous Price $59.00
50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, Fogo Newfoundland, Major Malott( K2421)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, Fogo Newfoundland, Major Malott( K2421) $4.76 1899 Newfoundland Terra Nova Engine & Boiler Works Stock Certificate1899 Newfoundland Terra Nova Engine & Boiler Works Stock Certificate $40.00
1904 Newfoundland Nfld Silver 50 Fifty Cents In Good Condition - Cleaned1904 Newfoundland Nfld Silver 50 Fifty Cents In Good Condition - Cleaned $15.87 Douglas Cuddle Toy Stuffed Soft Plush Animal Newfoundland Black Dog Puppy 16"Douglas Cuddle Toy Stuffed Soft Plush Animal Newfoundland Black Dog Puppy 16" $24.50
Warning! Overly Affectionate Newfoundland On Duty Dog Wall Sign Gift Usa NewfieWarning! Overly Affectionate Newfoundland On Duty Dog Wall Sign Gift Usa Newfie $4.99 Old-Time Songs and Poetry of Newfoundland,Gerald S DoyleOld-Time Songs and Poetry of Newfoundland,Gerald S Doyle $7.62 Was: Previous Price $9.53
1960s "Champion" Black Sambo Newfoundland Dog St. John'S Nl. Vtg Postcard1960s "Champion" Black Sambo Newfoundland Dog St. John'S Nl. Vtg Postcard $4.99 1938, 1917, 1945, 1944, 1941, 1942 Newfoundland Silver 10 Cents - Lot Sf111938, 1917, 1945, 1944, 1941, 1942 Newfoundland Silver 10 Cents - Lot Sf11 $47.20 Was: Previous Price $59.00
Newfoundland's: Divine Dogs Online by Mychelle Klose Paperback Book (English)Newfoundland's: Divine Dogs Online by Mychelle Klose Paperback Book (English) $16.96 50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, St Anthony Newfoundland, Major Malott K2420)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, St Anthony Newfoundland, Major Malott K2420) $4.76
Stories from the Southwest Corner, Coast of NewfoundlandStories from the Southwest Corner, Coast of Newfoundland $14.28 50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, St John'S Newfoundland, Major Malott (K2418)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, St John'S Newfoundland, Major Malott (K2418) $4.76
Newfoundland 1941 ~ small cent ~Mm2217Newfoundland 1941 ~ small cent ~Mm2217 $2.99 50th Anniversary Internal Airmail,Grand Falls Newfoundland, Major Malott( K2423)50th Anniversary Internal Airmail,Grand Falls Newfoundland, Major Malott( K2423) $4.76
Catholic Women'S League,St Pius Tenth Parish Cookbook,NewfoundlandCatholic Women'S League,St Pius Tenth Parish Cookbook,Newfoundland $2.54 Was: Previous Price $3.18 50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, Botwood Newfoundland, Major Malott (K2419)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, Botwood Newfoundland, Major Malott (K2419) $4.76
Kappysstamps S1009 Canada Newfoundland Scott # 44 Deep Green Mh Cv $30Kappysstamps S1009 Canada Newfoundland Scott # 44 Deep Green Mh Cv $30 $18.88 I love my Newfie Newfoundland Dog with Bone Bracelet dangle charmI love my Newfie Newfoundland Dog with Bone Bracelet dangle charm $5.09 Was: Previous Price $5.99
1918-C Canada Newfoundland George V 50 Cent (50C, Half Dollar) - Icg Ms63 (Bu)1918-C Canada Newfoundland George V 50 Cent (50C, Half Dollar) - Icg Ms63 (Bu) $343.10 Was: Previous Price $365.00 Canada (Newfoundland) F-Vf Mint Nh * 1937 Coronation Long Set Cat$100
00004000Canada (Newfoundland) F-Vf Mint Nh * 1937 Coronation Long Set Cat$100 00004000 $24.99
St John's Newfoundland, 1800-1900, Garrison Town to Commercial CitySt John's Newfoundland, 1800-1900, Garrison Town to Commercial City $11.90 50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, 
00004000
Fogo Newfoundland, Major Malott( K2422)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, 00004000 Fogo Newfoundland, Major Malott( K2422) $4.76
1899 Newfoundland Nfld Silver 50 Fifty Cents In Good Condition !1899 Newfoundland Nfld Silver 50 Fifty Cents In Good Condition ! $18.25 Newfoundland Scott #'s 253, 254, 255, 257, 259 - Plate Blocks of 10, Mnh - Xf+Newfoundland Scott #'s 253, 254, 255, 257, 259 - Plate Blocks of 10, Mnh - Xf+ $110.00
Newfoundland and Labrador Coat of Arms Mousepad - Tabard SurcoatNewfoundland and Labrador Coat of Arms Mousepad - Tabard Surcoat $7.93 Newfoundland #32A Used Vf (.01)Newfoundland #32A Used Vf (.01) $39.70
50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, Musrave Harbour Newfoundland, Malott (K2425)50th Anniversary Internal Air Mail, Musrave Harbour Newfoundland, Malott (K2425) $4.76 Newfoundland #32 Used VfNewfoundland #32 Used Vf $31.76
1992 Canada 25 Cent Ngc Choice Unc Newfoundland 125Th Anniversary Quarter1992 Canada 25 Cent Ngc Choice Unc Newfoundland 125Th Anniversary Quarter $0.99 Doctor,When You're Sick You're Not Well:.Outpatient.Twilling ate NewfoundlandDoctor,When You're Sick You're Not Well:.Outpatient.Twilling ate Newfoundland $4.76 Was: Previous Price $5.95
Part of the Main, History Newfoundland and LabradorPart of the Main, History Newfoundland and Labrador $16.66 Newfoundland Steamship Columbia Hits Iceberg in Atlantic 1887 Art Print MattedNewfoundland Steamship Columbia Hits Iceberg in Atlantic 1887 Art Print Matted $48.00
(10) Newfoundland Silver 20 Cent Coins, (2) Newfoundland Silver 25 Cent Coins(10) Newfoundland Silver 20 Cent Coins, (2) Newfoundland Silver 25 Cent Coins $127.20 Was: Previous Price $159.00 Newfoundland 1899 Lg 99 20 Cents Queen Victoria Sterling Silver Canadian CoinNewfoundland 1899 Lg 99 20 Cents Queen Victoria Sterling Silver Canadian Coin $9.52
(6) Newfoundland Small Cents - 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1947 - Lot Sf1(6) Newfoundland Small Cents - 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1947 - Lot Sf1 $14.40 Was: Previous Price $18.00 00004000 Newfoundland #59 MintNewfoundland #59 Mint $31.76
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