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Newfoundland

Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. more...

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The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497, which would make it the oldest European name in North America. The province where this island is located was also called Newfoundland up until 2001, when its name was changed to Newfoundland and Labrador (the postal abbreviation was simultaneously changed from NF to NL).

Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world's largest estuary. Newfoundland's nearest neighbour is the small French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

It is 111,390 km2 in area, making it the world's 15th largest island. The provincial capital, St. John's, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is Canada's easternmost point. The island of Newfoundland has an approximate population of 485,000.

Newfoundland is pronounced by Newfoundlanders as new-fin-land or new-fun-land and take exception to it being pronounced with the last syllable slurred, (as new-found-l'nd). Newfoundland has a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English, a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French and a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish.

First inhabitants

Newfoundland was first inhabited by the Maritime Archaic aboriginal culture around 2500BC-1200BC. This group disappeared and was later replaced by Groswater Paleoeskimos from around 800BC-AD100, Dorset tradition Paleoeskimos from around AD1-AD800, and recent Natives around AD1-AD1700. The exact reason for the disappearances of several of these cultures is unknown, but food scarcity is suspected as a reason.

The recent natives on Newfoundland were the probable ancestors of the historical Beothuk inhabitants at the time of European contact. Beothuk means "people" in the Beothuk language. The origins of the Beothuks are uncertain, but it appears that they were an native group that came from Labrador. The culture is now extinct, remembered only in museum, historical and archaeological records. Shanawdithit, the last known Beothuk (a woman), died in St. John's in 1829.

It is likely that the natives described by the Vikings as skraelings were Beothuk inhabitants of Labrador and Newfoundland. The first conflicts between Europeans and native peoples may have occurred around 1006 at L'Anse aux Meadows when parties of Norsemen attempted to establish permanent settlements along the coast of Newfoundland. According to Norse sagas, the native Beothuk (called skraelings or skraelingars by the Norse) responded so ferociously that the newcomers eventually withdrew and apparently gave up their original intentions to settle.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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1918-C Canada Newfoundland George V 50 Cent (50C, Half Dollar) - Icg Ms63 (Bu)1918-C Canada Newfoundland George V 50 Cent (50C, Half Dollar) - Icg Ms63 (Bu) $343.10 Was: Previous Price $365.00 Canada - Newfoundland 1937 Capr Rice sg 264 usedCanada - Newfoundland 1937 Capr Rice sg 264 used $1.28
Newfoundland Gvi 1937 coronation 48c perf 14 Nhm sg267, fine,Newfoundland Gvi 1937 coronation 48c perf 14 Nhm sg267, fine, $4.54 Canada-Newfoundland 1910 1c K. Edward Postal Card Used Local DeliveryCanada-Newfoundland 1910 1c K. Edward Postal Card Used Local Delivery $39.99
Tree-Free Greetings Sg25091 I Heart Newfoundland's Sip 'N Go Stainless Lined TraTree-Free Greetings Sg25091 I Heart Newfoundland's Sip 'N Go Stainless Lined Tra $25.99 Newfoundland 1919 3 Cent Overprinted Airpost Classic Silver Stamp On Stamp IngotNewfoundland 1919 3 Cent Overprinted Airpost Classic Silver Stamp On Stamp Ingot $27.25
Canada - Newfoundland 1937 Corination sg 254-6 usedCanada - Newfoundland 1937 Corination sg 254-6 used $1.28 Newfoundland Stubborn Tricks Extra Large 15oz Coffee MugNewfoundland Stubborn Tricks Extra Large 15oz Coffee Mug $15.99
New Nain-Nunatsiavut, Newfoundland & Labrador, Canada 1966-67: Remembered by LleNew Nain-Nunatsiavut, Newfoundland & Labrador, Canada 1966-67: Remembered by Lle $16.33 Newfoundland postcard Us Army Censor American Base Forces Apo 801-A cancel 1941Newfoundland postcard Us Army Censor American Base Forces Apo 801-A cancel 1941 $3.00
Boating, Fishing and Hunting in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada 1965 - 66 (PhoBoating, Fishing and Hunting in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada 1965 - 66 (Pho $20.01 Newfoundland # 49 Unc Queen Victoria RoyaltyNewfoundland # 49 Unc Queen Victoria Royalty $16.50
Vintage Newfoundland & Labrador Embroidered T Shirt MediumVintage Newfoundland & Labrador Embroidered T Shirt Medium $19.99 Landseer Stubborn Tricks Extra Large 15oz Coffee MugLandseer Stubborn Tricks Extra Large 15oz Coffee Mug $15.99
1917 c Newfoundland - 50 Cents - Half Dollar - .925 Silver - George V - Wwi era1917 c Newfoundland - 50 Cents - Half Dollar - .925 Silver - George V - Wwi era $16.99 Newfoundland Candy Cane OrnamentNewfoundland Candy Cane Ornament $12.99
Newfoundland Sc #27 usedNewfoundland Sc #27 used $2.99 1906 St Andrew's Presbyterian Church St. John's New Foundland Canada Postcard1906 St Andrew's Presbyterian Church St. John's New Foundland Canada Postcard $6.99
Newfoundland Gvi stamps mintNewfoundland Gvi stamps mint $7.13 Newfoundland 1890 5 Cents Iccs F 15 Silver NfldNewfoundland 1890 5 Cents Iccs F 15 Silver Nfld $38.23
1935 Silver Jubilee Newfoundland Used Set1935 Silver Jubilee Newfoundland Used Set $10.38 1912 5 Cent Newfoundland Vg coin1912 5 Cent Newfoundland Vg coin $1.99
Vintage Newfoundland Dog Nutcracker, Antique,C.1900,11 1/2" LongVintage Newfoundland Dog Nutcracker, Antique,C.1900,11 1/2" Long $65.00 Newfoundland used stampsNewfoundland used stamps $0.73
1917 Newfoundland 25 Cent Silver Coin1917 Newfoundland 25 Cent Silver Coin $8.82 Vintage Newfoundland Screech De Terre Nueve Rum Rhum Jamaica Belt Buckle RareVintage Newfoundland Screech De Terre Nueve Rum Rhum Jamaica Belt Buckle Rare $39.60 Was: Previous Price $44.00
Newfoundland, Postage Stamp, #199 Used, 1937Newfoundland, Postage Stamp, #199 Used, 1937 $3.99 1958 Book: Capt. Samuel Barnes, Newfoundland & Ma, Family Genealogy1958 Book: Capt. Samuel Barnes, Newfoundland & Ma, Family Genealogy $25.00
# 40 Newfoundland Stamp Mint Og H# 40 Newfoundland Stamp Mint Og H $7.35 Bicycle License Plate 1953 NewfoundlandBicycle License Plate 1953 Newfoundland $10.00
1943 Newfoundland 5 cent coin1943 Newfoundland 5 cent coin $3.00 1943 10 Cent Newfoundland Coin1943 10 Cent Newfoundland Coin $10.00
Newfoundland 1947 Registered Airmail 16 stamps Multi Franking to ScotlandNewfoundland 1947 Registered Airmail 16 stamps Multi Franking to Scotland $45.40 Seashells of the Northeast Coast from Cape Hatters to Newfoundland Gordon, JuliSeashells of the Northeast Coast from Cape Hatters to Newfoundland Gordon, Juli $79.99
1895 Large Antique Map Dominion Of Canada Eastern Sheet Newfoundland Nova Scotia1895 Large Antique Map Dominion Of Canada Eastern Sheet Newfoundland Nova Scotia $102.48 Was: Previous Price $204.97 Map of Canada and Maritime Provinces, Newfoundland c1906, 2 original color mapsMap of Canada and Maritime Provinces, Newfoundland c1906, 2 original color maps $1.28
Newfoundland And Labrador Coat of Arms Messenger Bag - Tabard SurcoatNewfoundland And Labrador Coat of Arms Messenger Bag - Tabard Surcoat $36.76 Canadian Provences, Newfoundland, Mint, 110, Og Lh, Great CenteringCanadian Provences, Newfoundland, Mint, 110, Og Lh, Great Centering $29.00
Newfoundland 'Mbf' Strip Of 10 Mint Dog Stamps 5Newfoundland 'Mbf' Strip Of 10 Mint Dog Stamps 5 $4.83 Around the Rock - A Newfoundland Sea Kayak JourneyAround the Rock - A Newfoundland Sea Kayak Journey $6.93
Lot of Very Old Stamps Newfoundland - British Colonies.Lot of Very Old Stamps Newfoundland - British Colonies. $2.25 1919 C Newfoundland 50 Cents Sterling Silver Fine Km 121919 C Newfoundland 50 Cents Sterling Silver Fine Km 12 $14.00
Newfoundland Stamp 1857 8d Scarlet-Vermilion Sg 8 Signed Mint £375/ $470Newfoundland Stamp 1857 8d Scarlet-Vermilion Sg 8 Signed Mint £375/ $470 $149.99 ✪ 1873 Newfoundland - 50 Cents - F-15 Iccs Graded✪ 1873 Newfoundland - 50 Cents - F-15 Iccs Graded $161.78
1876 Newfoundland 10 Cent Coin1876 Newfoundland 10 Cent Coin $19.99 Newfoundland Scott 226-229 Silver Jubilee Mint NhNewfoundland Scott 226-229 Silver Jubilee Mint Nh $9.19
Pitcher Plant / New Foundland, Canada [1949] ~ Bronze 1.25" DiameterPitcher Plant / New Foundland, Canada [1949] ~ Bronze 1.25" Diameter $4.95
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