Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, the many species of which are found chiefly in the northern hemisphere, but also to a limited extent in Africa and South America. more...
They are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. more...
All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Their nests are basket-shaped and built in trees.
- Family Fringillidae
- Subfamily Fringillinae - Fringilline finches; contains only three species, which feed their young on insects rather than seeds.
- Genus Fringilla - Bramblings and chaffinches
- Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)
- Blue Chaffinch (Fringilla teydea)
- Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)
- Subfamily Carduelinae - Cardueline finches; a much larger group that contains several genera which feed their young on seeds.
- Genus Serinus - Canaries, seedeaters, serins and some siskins
- Genus Carduelis - Linnets, redpolls, goldfinches, greenfinches, some siskins.
- Genus Carpodacus - Rosefinches
- Genus Loxia - Crossbills
- Genus Mycerobas - Grosbeaks
- Genus Neospiza - Sao Tomé Grosbeak
- Genus Linurgus - Oriole Finch
- Genus Rhynchostruthus - Golden-winged Grosbeak
- Genus Leucosticte - Mountain finches
- Genus Calacanthis - Red-browed Finch
- Genus Rhodopechys - Trumpeter Finch and relatives
- Genus Uragus - Long-tailed Rosefinch
- Genus Urocynchramus - Przewalski's Rosefinch
- Genus Pinicola - Pine grosbeaks
- Genus Haematospiza - Scarlet Finch
- Genus Pyrrhula - Bullfinches
- Genus Coccothraustes - Hawfinch, Evening Grosbeak
- Genus Eophona - Oriental grosbeaks
- Genus Pyrrhoplectes - Gold-naped Finch
There are many other birds in other groups which are called finches, notably the very similar-looking Estrildids or waxbills, which occur in the Old World tropics and Australia.
Some of the closely related sparrows are also named as "finches", as are some buntings.
- Some other Cardueline finch species not listed above:
- Sao Tome Grosbeak (Neospiza concolor)
- Oriole Finch (Linurgus olivaceus)
- Golden-winged Grosbeak (Rhynchostruthus socotranus)
- Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)
- Crimson-browed Finch (Pinicola subhimachalus)
- Hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes)
- Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)
- Hooded Grosbeak (Coccothraustes abeillei)
- Yellow-billed Grosbeak (Eophona migratoria)
- Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata)
- Black-and-yellow Grosbeak (Mycerobas icterioides)
- Collared Grosbeak (Mycerobas affinis)
- Spot-winged Grosbeak (Mycerobas melanozanthos)
- White-winged Grosbeak (Mycerobas carnipes)
- Gold-naped Finch (Pyrrhoplectes epauletta)
- Spectacled Finch (Callacanthis burtoni)
- Crimson-winged Finch (Rhodopechys sanguinea)
- Trumpeter Finch (Rhodopechys githaginea)
- Mongolian Finch (Rhodopechys mongolica)
- Desert Finch (Rhodopechys obsoleta)
- Long-tailed Rosefinch (Uragus sibiricus)
- Scarlet Finch (Haematospiza sipahi)
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